We aspire to achieve the following objectives:
(i) Raise awareness on latest growth strategies, including novel approaches to industrial policy
(ii) Help identify capacity constraints to implement such strategies
(iii) Discuss examples of competitive value chains which are important for SIDS; some prominent ones include fisheries, tourism, and yachting.
UNIDO and WBG Competitive Industries help clients identify and address the meso-and micro-economic barriers that are impeding the growth of industries; and help generate jobs, investments and economic growth. Our global teams deliver results by collaborating with SIDS clients in (e.g.) Haiti, Madagascar, Jamaica, Cape Verde, Comoros, Trinidad & Tobago and Papua New Guinea. The event will feature a panel of experts, showcase successful case studies, and contextualize our products to SIDS.
In recent years, the above mentioned structures and partnerships have started to change, in reflection of the progressive integration of CC and DRM, prompted by the recognition of the significant overlaps between these cross-cutting ‘disciplines’.
At national level, Tonga as well as some other Pacific island countries have either developed, or are developing integrated approaches to DRM and CC, some through Joint National Action Plans on CC and DRM (JNAPs) or other integrated policies and plans. Some countries have also updated their national institutional structures to promote integrated DRM and CC approaches.
Pacific DRM and CC ‘communities’ and regional intergovernmental mechanisms agreed to combine their efforts to develop a Strategy for Climate and Disaster Resilient Development by 2015 to succeed the Pacific Disaster Risk Reduction and Disaster Management Framework for Action 2005 – 2015 and the Pacific Islands Framework for Action on Climate Change 2006 – 2015.
SPREP, SPC and UNISDR convened an inaugural Joint Meeting of the Pacific Platform for Disaster Risk Management & Pacific Climate Change Roundtable in 2013 as part of the process to develop the abovementioned strategy.
The agreement and initiative taken to develop an integrated regional strategy for DRM and Climate Change makes the Pacific the first region in the world to take constructive steps towards combining regional, national and sub national efforts to reduce the risks to sustainable national development posed by disasters and climate change. The process through which the Strategy is being developed is currently referred to as the “Roadmap”.
Report from Organizer:1. The Pacific Region is committed to and leading the way in the integration on management of climate change and disaster risk reduction.
2. Strong and durable partnerships is and inclusiveness of vulnerable groups is imperative to the success of the strategy
3. Information sharing is important as is adequate and predictable resourcing required for successful implementation.
The Pacific Resilience Partnership will oversee the implementation of the Strategy for Climate and Disaster Resilient Development, to ensure that actions are carried out in a coordinated and inclusive manner.
It will also oversee the monitoring, evaluation; reporting and learning process throughout the life of the Strategy. This is expected to bring about more effective results on the ground and promote the sustainable development of Pacific Island Countries and Territories.
The Pacific Resilience Partnership will be established as a joint forum on climate and disaster resilience, bringing together the climate change and disaster communities of practice as well as related sector experts, including private sector, civil society organizations, government departments, donors, regional and international organizations, to coordinate and strengthen our efforts to reduce vulnerability and build resilience to all hazards, whether slow or rapid onset.
Report from Organizer:The SIDS Side event reaffirmed that sustainable development of Small Island Developing States is intricately connected to the good health and well-being of their people. The political leaders (Prime Minister of Samoa and Health Minister) and key note speakers (UNDP and WHO) in this SIDS side event have declared NCDs a health and economic crisis and called for urgent actions and response. As highlighted in the SAMOA Pathway outcome document, the burden and threat of NCDs constitutes one of the major challenges for sustainable development in the twenty first century in SIDS countries and territories. The SIDS Health side event reiterated the importance of genuine and durable partnerships. The Apia Challenge is an example of partnership on NCDs within the SIDS Forum and also challenges non-SIDS developed countries to take greater responsibility with regard to their trading practices.
1. UN Member States and our Development Partners to support SIDS by taking greater responsibility for their international trade practices
2. SIDS to strengthen their regulations on trade policies and take fiscal policy measures to confront the causes of NCDs
3. UN Member States to ensure the NCD goals and targets are central to the Post-2015 Development Agenda
In the outcome document of the inter-regional preparatory meeting for the Third International Conference on Small Island Developing States, SIDS called for the “establishment of a SIDS specific support platform within the 10YFP with emphasis on small and medium enterprises, sustainable tourism, sustainable lifestyles and education for sustainable development […], sustainable waste management and sustainable food systems, including food security, to encourage linkages in the sustainable supply chain to promote rural development.”[para. 128].
The 10YFP Secretariat, hosted by UNEP, is supporting the development of such a platform.
The side event will bring together an initial group of partners to deliver support on SCP for SIDS, with representatives from governments, financial institutions and other stakeholders to exchange knowledge and commit to join forces in the promotion of sustainable patterns of consumption and production in the SIDS countries, focusing on tourism, waste and food.
13:00 - 13:30: Ministerial Panel: Facilitating the transition to sustainable consumption and production patterns and low carbon societies in SIDS
13:30 - 13:45: Question and Answer session
13:45 - 14:15: High Level Panel: Scaling up best practices and SCP policies in SIDS
14:15 - 14:25: Question and Answer Session
14:25 - 14:30: Closing remarks: UNEP
The UN Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) is the globally accepted framework used to fight corruption with 171 State parties. However, anti-corruption reform cannot be reproduced uniformly around the globe. For SIDS to adopt anti-corruption reform that is both effective and sustainable, a unique and tailored approach is required. This must also include the development of strong partnerships to draw on existing strengths and the sharing of experiences on how to overcome common challenges.
This side event seeks to open the discussion on sustainable anti-corruption reform by considering the specific challenges faced by SIDS in this regard. Specific issues to be addressed will include affordability, capability, accountability, access, competing priorities, supplementation and the “smallness” of SIDS.
Report from Organizer:Sustainable anti-corruption reform needs to consider the uniqueness of SIDS. Progress has been made by countries, with 171 States parties including 28 SIDS to the UN Convention against Corruption (UNCAC), to prevent and fight corruption. However, it is the implementation of the Convention that is the greater challenge. Specific issues in SIDS, discussed at the side event, included the affordability, capability, accountability, access, competing priorities, supplementation and the “smallness” of SIDS. By using UNCAC as the framework and through its review mechanism, SIDS have been identifying and prioritizing their specific anti-corruption needs. These needs are beginning to be addressed (i.e. through legislative drafting, capacity-building), also through South-South cooperation and partnerships between countries, as well as with the UN system. One example highlighted was the partnership between UNODC and UNDP with 15 Pacific Islands countries and territories under the UN Pacific Regional Anti-Corruption Project. However, the discussion was deemed broader than this side event and a commitment was therefore made to continue the interactions. It was decided that UNODC and UNDP would explore holding a forum next year that would specifically consider the development of “sustainable anti-corruption reform in SIDS” principles by SIDS.
The programme puts into practice the important requirements for the mainstreaming and integration of climate change into provincial planning, and takes a holistic approach to support the development of Choiseul Province in an integrated, ridge-community-reef (RCR) and ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) approach. Implementation on the ground focusses on the following sectors: food security, ecosystem-based adaptation, climate change adaptation, climate change risk and adaptation assessment, enhancing resilience of communities.
Report from Organizer:Key messages:
• Demand for statistics is higher for monitoring SDG than when the MDGs was adopted in 2000
• New tools and innovation/technology are available to support statistics generation and leap frog statistical development for SIDS
• Means of implementation (SDG Goal 17) should include new global compact for statistics to provide greater investments for statistics development in support of decisions and policies on sustainable development
• SIDS should have an agreed set of indicators to monitor their progress in achieving sustainable development
• Institutional innovations should be in place –organizational changes from national statistical office to national statistical systems to better respond to data needs
• Priority statistical challenges faced by SIDS that need to be addressed in the SDG: governance; coordination and cooperation; statistical infrastructure; human resource capacity; and ICT
• Establish global fund for statistics – currently only a very small fraction of ODA for statistics is available for statistical capacity development; more is needed to be able to monitor SDGs
• Strengthen statistics partnership between NSO/NSS and stakeholders and development partners and build new ones with civil society and private sector; encourage public-private partnerships
• Institutionalize evidence-based policy and decision making in SIDS
• Strengthen leadership and management of NSS
• Better communication of statistics and improved statistical literacy of data users; strengthen user-produce dialogues
• Coordination of national statistical systems (NSS) through regional and national statistical strategies (NSDS, RSDS) framework
• Use of ICT in improving regional and national statistics
Drawing upon global and regional experiences, the event will review challenges and opportunities for SIDS emphasizing opportunities for preventing displacement when possible, addressing the protection needs of displaced people, and discussing voluntary migration and the appropriateness of planned relocation as an adaptation measure to strengthen community resilience. It will also introduce the Norwegian and Swiss-led Nansen Initiative, a consultative process seeking to develop a protection agenda on cross-border displacement in disaster contexts.
Report from Organizer:• three key messages on progress made in implementation of sustainable development:
Each year, tens of thousands of people living on Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are displaced by disasters linked to natural hazards and the numbers are likely to grow in the context of climate change.
While affected communities wish to stay, good preparedness and sound management of human mobility is important already at this stage if we are to successfully adapt to climate change.
What is needed is effective action to: Build the resilience and preparedness of communities to prevent and mitigate the effect of displacement; facilitate voluntary migration as a positive adaptation strategy to climate change; plan for relocation, with the participation of and in consultation with affected communities, when the movement of people is unavoidable; and prepare for admitting, protecting and assisting people displaced across borders when such displacement occurs.
• highlights of newly launched or existing SIDS-centered partnershipsfor sustainable development and suggested follow-ups:
The Nansen Initiative is a state-led consultative process to build consensus on how to best to address human mobility in the context of disasters and climate change. Itcontinues to work with governments, regional and international organizations, civil society organizations, and communities in all SIDS regions in the lead up to a global consultation in 2015 to develop a protection agenda that exhibits the most effective way to address the challenges at hand.
The UN Secretary-General will be joined on the podium by H.E. Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi, Prime Minister of Samoa, and Mr. WU Hongbo, Secretary-General for the Third International Conference on SIDS.
Mr. Taleb Rifai, Secretary-General, World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), will moderate an inter-active dialogue among the following speakers:
Mr. José Graziano da Silva, Director-General, FAO
Ms. Irina Bokova, Director-General, UNESCO
Mr. Mukhisa Kituyi, Secretary-General, UNCTAD
Ms. Helen Clark, Administrator, UNDP
Mr. Achim Steiner, Executive Director, UNEP
Ms. Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, Executive Director, UN Women
Ms. Rachel Kyte, Vice President and Special Envoy for Climate Change, World Bank Group
Ms. Shamshad Akhtar, Under-Secretary-General and Executive Secretary, UN/ESCAP
Mr. WU Hongbo, Under-Secretary General, UN/DESA and Secretary-General for the Third
International Conference on SIDS
Ms. Valerie Amos, Under-Secretary-General and Emergency Relief Coordinator, UN/OCHA
Secretary-General BAN Ki-moon and UN system leaders will highlight the UN system’s tangible contribution to the sustainable development of SIDS. The high-level event will demonstrate how the UN system is working together with and for SIDS on sustainable social and economic development, climate change and disaster risk management, oceans and seas, and other priority areas.
For more information, please see unsceb.org
Report from Organizer:The CEB high-level side event brought together leaders of the United Nations System in a demonstration of their commitment to working with SIDS and their partners for sustainable development and a life of dignity for all. The discussion showed that the UN system – in all its diversity – is heeding the calls for SIDS to pool expertise, share knowledge and act together to meet the high expectations of the governments and people of small island nations. The system is united for SIDS and an essential partner in the implementation of the SAMOA Pathway.
Noting that this Conference marks the start of a new level of engagement and action by the United Nations, the Secretary-General, on behalf of the UN system, made three commitments:
1. UN system organizations will focus on delivering as one for SIDS, ensuring that their actions are coordinated and coherent and take advantage of synergies whenever possible.
2. The UN system will do more to help build capacity in SIDS, reflecting differing needs and strengthening national ownership.
3. The UN system will foster strong partnerships that deliver quality results for SIDS.
Report from Organizer:Building on the work of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (of UNESCO) and partners, a panel of international and SIDS experts addressed how science and observation, the use of early warnings can help SIDS in reducing coastal vulnerability and guide the development of coastal adaptation measures. Responses to three types of ocean hazards - namely sea-level rise, ocean acidification and tsunamis- were discussed.
Key recommendations on coastal adaptation included:
- Ensure that Coastal Land Use Planning mechanisms are in place, through enforced coastal zone managements plans that imposes conditions on coastal infrastructure -
- Improve Information/data collection, through technology transfer for SIDS to ultimately improve the information base for designing sound adaptation measures
On the topic of ocean acidification:
- More research is needed to understand global OA conditions, ecosystem response to OA and Optimize forecasts for OA and its impacts.
-Following a parallel workshop organized during UN SIDS Conference 2014, a new Ocean Acidification networks for Caribbean, Pacific Islands, and AIMS SIDS regions was fostered, which will be SIDS-focused and driven, and will promote capacity building activities and south-south cooperation, as part of the existing Global Ocean Acidification Observation Network (Partnership #2619)
In relation to mitigation and preparedness to tsunami, it was noted that
- The Pacific Ocean is still poorly covered in term of seismic observations and the existing observation network needs to be strengthened, particularly in the South Pacific region
- SIDS need to address specific challenges in terms of improved monitoring and response to tsunami events, the establishment of national tsunami warning center operating on 24/7 basis across the region, the development of timely communications to local population, the adoption of tsunami evacuation maps, the undertaking of exercise and drills with local communities so to raise preparedness, and continue to build human capacity. In this respect, the Partnership on Global Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System (# 2638) led by IOC provides a recognized framework to address the specific needs of SIDS.
With 2014 also marking the first year of the United Nations Decade of Sustainable Energy for All (2014-2024), the confluence of these events presents a unique opportunity to bring the issues of SIDS and SE4All even closer together. Such issues include energy costs, energy security, and climate change. Their renewable energy potential, small size and vulnerability make the issues of renewable energy usage, energy access and efficiency all the more urgent in the context of the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development in SIDS.
Building on the commitments from United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) and the Barbados SIDS High-Level Conference onSE4All, both of which were held in 2012, this side-event will seek to take stock of where we stand two years later – and more importantly, point to where to go from here in order to ensure sustainable energy for all small island developing states.
Welcome by moderator Ms. Elizabeth Thompson, Senior Advisor to the Sustainable Energy for All Initiative and former Minister of Energyand Environment of Barbados.
H. E. Mr. John Ashe, President of the General Assembly
H. E. Mr. Freundel Stuart, Prime Minister of Barbados
H. E. Lord Tuʻivakanō, Prime Minister of Tonga
Key Note: H. E. Mr. Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General
Interactive panel segment
Chair: Helen Clark, Administrator, UNDP
Mr. Adnan Amin, Director-General, International Renewable Energy Agency
Mr. Camillo Gonsalves, Foreign Minister of St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Mr. Salvatore Bernabei, General Manager Enel Green Power Chile and Andean Countries
Ms. Naoko Ishii, CEO and Chairperson of the Global Environment Facility
Mr. Reginald Burke, Caribbean Development Policy Centre
H.E. Mr 'Akao'ulo, Sr Advisor, Tongan Energy Road Map (tbc)
However, when left unmonitored, fisheries management plans can easily be violated and EEZs easily depleted of marine resources by unscrupulous actors conducting IUU fishing, undermining the management plans and therefore, the food and economic security of SIDS.
Combatting IUU fishing requires a multifaceted approach that includes implementing both advanced technology-based solutions, policy instruments, and communicating with other coastal states and flag states. This discussion will center on this multifaceted approach to combatting IUU fishing and provide SIDS representatives information on effective, economically efficient ways to help prevent IUU fishing from occurring in their maritime zones.
Report from Organizer:Key messages:
1. Collaboration across countries and regions, especially in the form of information sharing and exchange of technology, is key to ending illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing. The investment in a global reporting mechanism is also viewed as vital to achieve this goal.
2. To combat IUU fishing, SIDS must focus on enhancing their vessels monitoring system (e.g. by providing each ship with automated tracking devices, and making better use of modern visual surveillance and GPS information), and on upgrading national legislation so as to comply with international agreements.
3. Additionally, taking specific measures regarding the supply chain is essential to end IUU fishing. Suppliers and end consumers must be mobilised to require certification and details on origin of fish that is bought. This will help to diminish the governmental burden of controlling the sale of IUU catch at port.
Highlights of SIDS centred partnerships & suggested follow-ups:
1. The “Ending Illegal Fishing” project, conducted by the PEW Charitable Trusts, rests on technology-based solutions, policy instruments, and communication strategies amongst coastal states and flag states. The success of this project relies on the collaboration between PEW and SIDS national and local governments, as well as the fishing industry.
2. The “Shiprider Program”, an agreement between the US Coast Guard and eight Pacific nations, has enabled the use of US vessels are used to patrol Pacific waters. This collaboration has been significantly contributing to the enforcement of fisheries regulation in the region
At the same time, PACE-Net Plus represents an opportunity for Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs) and European Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs) to better address the science, technology and innovation (ST&I) areas that support regional development goals, to reinforce regional research capacities and networks, to better participate in bi-regional ST&I networks of global interest and, finally, to improve the regional cooperation and integration, as encouraged by the Pacific Plan 2005-2014 and recently reaffirmed by the Pacific Forum Leaders through the Framework for Pacific Regionalism.
This session will introduce Horizon 2020 as well as the PACE-Net Plus project (PNPlus), demonstrating the opportunities and benefits for SIDS member countries. In this context, the subject of innovation in developing countries will be presented. The session will conclude with an example of a regional Observatory for Environment (GOPS) and of a multi-lateral Summit (Oceania 21) in the Pacific, that demonstrate the potential regional cooperation benefits from global research activities.
Agenda of the Side Event
7.00 - 7.20 : H2020, the EU Framework Program for Research and Innovation
(Rado Faletic, PNPlus and INCONTACT)
7.20 - 7.40 : PACE-Net Plus for ST&I cooperation, partnerships and biregional dialogue between EU and Pacific. (Jean-Francois Marini - IRD, coordinator of PNPlus)
7.40 - 7:55: Innovation and innovation policies in developing countries in the framework of PNPlus (Ludovico Alcorta - UNIDO)
7:55 - 8:10: The South Pacific Integrated Observatory for Environment and Terrestrial and Marine Biodiversity - GOPS (Bernard Pelletier – IRD, coordinator of GOPS) & 02C3 a new Oceanian Observatory on the Consequences of Climate Change (Victor David – IRD, coordinator of 02C3)
8.10 - 8:30: The Oceania 21 Summit and its recommendations (Anthony Lecren - Member of the Government of New Caledonia).
Report from Organizer:Launched in September 2013, PACE-Net+ includes among the 16 partners of its Consortium the following SIDS: the National University of Samoa (NUS), the University of Papua-New Guinea (UPNG), the Vanuatu Cultural Centre (VKS) and the University of the South Pacific (USP).
With PACE-Net+, coordinated by the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), the European Union, which maintains a long standing relationship with the Pacific, aims to reinforce ST&I cooperation with this region and at promoting the development of mutually beneficial partnerships, notably through Horizon 2020, the EU framework programme for multi-lateral research and innovation (and the largest research funding programme in the world).
In order to better contribute to the EU/Pacific policy dialogue, the project also intends to facilitate the regional integration and cooperation and thus, to contribute to the sustainable development of the region.
By the end of the year 2014, PACE-Net+ will hold various think tanks in Europe and in the Pacific on Non-Communicable Diseases, Food Security, Water & Waste Management, Infectious Diseases, Coastal ecosystems & ciguatera, Mining & its Environment and Climate Change Observation Systems. The project first bi-regional policy dialogue platform will take place in December 2014 in Auckland. The budget of this 3-year project is of 3 m€.
Is there scope for vulnerable countries of any profile to work more actively together to promote shared interests in a new climate regime? What is the common ground across these diverse groups? In responding to climate change at home, can lessons also be drawn from the national policy experiences of other vulnerable groups? Given the promising rise in South-South collaboration and the increasing seriousness of environmental risks, could partnerships between small islands and other categories of affected countries provide an opportunity to better secure the sustainable development of all concerned?
The side event aims to highlight 3 critical areas of SGP’s work on CBA: (i) Strengthening communities' resiliency to CC impacts; (ii) Replication of sustainable ground-level innovations through knowledge sharing with multi-level stakeholders; (iii) Providing clear policy lessons and mainstream into national processes, and (iv) exploring /capitalizing on existing networks/conferences to influence regional/global debates on civil society involvements and roles in managing CC impacts.
Report from Organizer:PREPARED BY: Charles Nyandiga for the UNDP-implemented GEF Small Grants Programme (SGP) Side Event
DATE: 2 September 2014
SESSION: Community-Based Adaptation (CBA) and resilience building to the impacts of Climate Change in SIDS
At the 2014 SIDS Conference GEF Small Grants Programme Side Event held 2 September, 50 participants from the three SIDS region and other development partners and agencies joined Charles Nyandiga, SGP GEF Community Based Adaptation Coordinator and moderator, and seven development practitioners and partners to better understand the global picture of local community vulnerability to the impacts of climate change. Communities are vulnerable due to their small land area, susceptibility to natural disasters, geographical isolation, limited natural resources and sensitive ecosystems. The event also provided examples of the practical aspects of GEF Small Grants Programme interventions in assisting local communities to become more resilient and better adapted to the impacts of climate change. Finally, the event showed how an especially vulnerable group – persons with disabilities can be mainstreamed into community level adaptation projects.
Funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) as a corporate programme, SGP is implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on behalf of the GEF partnership, and is executed by the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS).
KEY POINTS FROM STATEMENTS
Following a short film on CBA Activities in the Mauritius Grand Stable Community SIDS CBA Project (A ‘Bright Spot’ Award Finalist), the following key discussion points on durable partnerships and keys for success were made by panelists:
1. Ms. Osnat Lubrani – UNDP Resident Representative, Fiji
• UNDP plays a facilitative role in GEF SGP processes and programming and the SIDS Community Based Adaptation provides a good example of that joint collaboration.
• UNDP also strongly supports the capturing and wide dissemination of SGP project outcomes, lessons learned and best practices so that these results have a better chance of influencing national level policy dialogue.
2. Tusani Reti, High Chief and Project Coordinator for the Savaia Marina Protected Area, Samoa; a highly successful Marine Protected Area (MPA) community project for fish and coral recovery following the tsunami of 2009 and Cyclone Evan (2012). GEF SGP provided support funding of USD 30,000. The project has been sustained for over 10 years.
• For durable partnerships between funding agencies and local communities there needs to be a common concern and an interest between parties to do something all partners consider critical to the survival of those affected and their livelihoods. Second there needs to be agreement by key partners on their respective roles in addressing the issue. Finally benefits from the actions must be widely shared and appreciated by the affected community.
• The Savaia MPA was borne out of the desperation of the village to recover the marine life they depended upon for livelihood following the cyclones in 1990 and 1991. Fortunately, Savaia village is blessed with a strong governing council which was largely responsible for the successful community driven project. The partnership with UNDP GEF SGP was a means of achieving the goal of marine life restoration. This has been achieved.
KEY MESSAGE: It does not require large sums of money to make a very large impact in community adaptation to climate change.
3. Giles Romulus, GEF SGP National Coordinator, St. Lucia, Caribbean Region
• If Culture is the Way of Life of a People, it also includes the way people interact with the environment. What are their “espoused theories” versus their “theories in use?” What are the power issues and how do they play out?
• Culture is a variable in building resilience which is under-studied and has not sufficiently entered into the debate on resilience.
• Key aspects in designing sustainable projects include: understanding the context and the people; initiating a participatory process which is truly transparent; ensuring that monitoring and evaluation processes are designed and implemented; having a sound Information Management and Knowledge Management Framework and process; and focusing on RBM. Other components can include research such as that initiated by the Farmers with Disabilities Beekeeping Association which set out to prove the hypothesis that in climate change, natural apiculture is superior to chemical dependent apiculture.
• Another important aspect is public awareness and education using various strategies and media forms for different target groups.
• New and changing livelihood opportunities with a high probability of success must also be designed, redesigned and implemented.
• Above all, one must understand that SUSTAINABILITY is a multi-dimensional concept which should be understood for each context and that includes the culture.
4. Pamela Bapoo-Dundoo, GEF SGP National Coordinator, Mauritius, AIMS Region
The Mauritius Grand Stable Community SIDS CBA Project (entrepreneurship and coastal restoration) has resulted in more than ten (10) strategic partnerships to empower women, enhance successful implementation and influence policy for upscaling and replication at latter stages. Successful partnerships have been with the following key partner organizations and agencies:
o Adaptation Fund Board, Ministry of Environment & Sustainable Development, provided support for mangrove awareness and training for the community.
o Engagement of research from grantee partners such as the University of Mauritius and Mauritius Research Council provided local women entrepreneurs with specialized training in cultivation techniques for medicinal and vetivr plants and seaweeds as well as a range of other value added products (crafts, food) for sale.
o Education partner (Ministry of Education) allocated time and support for the women to enable them to do mangrove awareness in the schools.
o Currently seeking a partner for craft and jewellery products from invasive wood species.
Besides funding support, GEF SGP played a critical role in supporting the women’s group to overcome challenges such as weak governance and leadership, limited networking capabilities, and a lack of technical capacity. This was done through facilitating training and mentoring opportunities, links for technical assistance support, and providing encouragement through-out the project cycle to build their confidence.
5. Mr. Paul Deany-Disability Rights Fund
• Disability inclusion is important for community adaptation on climate change because PWD’s are not a well understood group and often their “disability” it may not be readily apparent to others. Physical disability is only a very small percent of all disabilities. Yet, in climate change adaptation and resilience, PWD have special needs that need to be addressed in policy dialogue and planning.
• CRPD Article 11 calls upon States Parties to take “all necessary measures to ensure the protection and safety of persons with disabilities in situations of risk, including situations of armed conflict, humanitarian emergencies, and the occurrence of natural disasters.”.
• Practical measures of inclusion require enhanced awareness of PWD needs and requirements for climate change adaptation. Include PWD in consultations and planning for community interventions and seek ways they could effectively participate regardless of the disability.
6. Katarina Atalifo, GEF SGP National Coordinator, Fiji MCO, Pacific Region
• The CBA strategy for Fiji is to reduce vulnerability to water stress and/scarcity of clean water and to strengthen capacity of the water sector institutions and communities to respond to climate change variability and change. The strategy was widely consulted and also reflects a funding niche within which SGP could complement rather than duplicate other national projects and initiatives related to climate adaptation at the community level
• The outcomes of the Fiji SGP CBA activities have been that capacity has been built and water saving measures has now been adopted by target communities such as rainwater harvesting, piloting micro dams, more efficient technologies adopted, and much awareness rising.
7. Anne Rasmussen, Associate Chief Executive Officer for the Global Environment Facility (GEF), Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment (MNRE)
• MNRE as the operational Focal Point for GEF recognizes that Government does not have all the answers for addressing climate change impacts in communities. It actively engages with all sectors and partners to work in an integrated and collaborative way to address environmental concerns. This is particularly true with its engagement with the community and NGO sector which has been integral to MNRE’s environmental and disaster preparedness initiatives.
• MNRE views positively the role of UNDP GEF SGP to provide direct assistance to communities. As the GEF Focal Point, MNRE’s engagement on the National Steering Committee has been to support strengthening GEF SGP assistance to communities.
OTHER Question and Answer Session
1. Question: Is there any example of communities influencing by-laws and local authorities policies?
Answer: There are lots of examples of where local communities in implementing SGP supported projects have influenced by-laws and local authorities’ policies. In the development of marine management plans, local authorities have passed and enforced regulations governing marine protected environments. Another example was where a local authority had an influence on octopus fisheries closure.
2. Question: How is that there is no donor- donor collaboration in these projects?
Answer: The SIDS CBA Progamme is an excellent example of donor-donor collaboration. This is where the Australian Government Community Based Adaptation funding was implemented through GEF SGP. Donors use the “SGP vehicle” to maximize the impact of their funding support.
This side event will be an opportunity to garner both SIDS and development partners to brainstorm elements of designing climate readiness by:
(a) Highlighting the gaps in access to climate finance
(b) Highlighting the gaps in the implementation of the green economy in SIDS
(c) Showcasing aspects of the economy which require strengthened climate resilience in SIDS (ocean, agriculture, infrastructure)
(d) Sharing best practices on addressing the above
(e) Calling for pledges, commitment and support from development partners
The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) has invested a total of USD 476 million in 23 Small Island Developing States (SIDS). This has benefited over 5 million people living in the Indian Ocean, Caribbean and Pacific region. Partnerships with the public and private sector and a people-focused approach have been central to alleviating rural poverty and enhancing food and nutrition security. Along with catalysing increasing financial resources to SIDS, partnerships have ensured the integration of different competences and mind-sets, reinforced efforts towards common objectives and set solid and sustainable basis to policy dialogue and advocacy.
In this side-event IFAD and its co-organisers each will present how they forge partnerships with each other and with rural people to successfully match smallholders and business opportunities, and generate environmentally-friendly win-win solutions for producers, buyers and consumers. Lessons learnt and opportunities for scaling-up will be explored together with the conference participants in an interactive session that lends itself to South-South knowledge sharing. In recognition of a changing development environment and opportunities IFAD will propose its plan for follow up to the Conference and its proposed approach for working in partnership in SIDS.
Report from Organizer:Messages:
1. Investing in sustainable agriculture for smallholders has proved to enhance opportunities for raising incomes, improving well-being and creating sense of ownership and pride while respecting the environment and ensuring the sustainability of production.
2. Traditional knowledge combined with entrepreneurship are key to development of sustainable livelihoods in SIDS.
3. IFAD and its partners have demonstrated results and the ability to enable smallholders to capitalise on arising livelihood opportunities.
IFAD is partnering with the Government of Grenada, for developing and implementing rural development policies focused on rural enterprise development, particularly with youth and women.
IFAD is working with Farmer Cooperatives in Sao Tomé and Principe (CEQAQ 11 and CECAB), as well as the government of Sao Tomé and private sector organic and fair trade companies such as Café Direct, KAOKA and GEPA. The PAPAFPA project is going to be scaled up through the newly designed investment project, planned to be approved by the Executive Board in September 2014.
IFAD is working with SPC, POETCOM and rural communities across the Pacific supporting organic agriculture and participatory Guarantee schemes.
During the side event IFAD launched its renewed approach in small island developing states. This focuses on i) sustainable fisheries and aquaculture, ii) smallholder farming, iii) environment and climate change. IFAD announced also a USD 3 million grant for adaptation to climate change (ASAP grant) to be planned for 2015. IFAD will strengthen existing and establish new public-private producer partnerships, provide additional investment and financing, enhance multi-country programming and increasingly provide technical assistance.
This event will highlight recent experiences of working in partnership with Pacific Island Meteorological agencies- how their oceans, climate and weather information services have developed over time and how they have helped to build practical applications for decision making by governments and to benefit communities.
A senior Australian Government representative and members of Pacific Island Meteorological agencies will highlight, using audio-visual material, Pacific participation in these programs and processes.
Report from Organizer:Australia’s official side event An Ocean Journey: From Data to Action was held at the Small Islands Developing States (SIDS) Conference on Tuesday 2 September, 11:00am - 12:30pm, in Apia, Samoa.
The acquisition of accurate data underpins sustainable economic development. Australia’s Parliamentary Secretary for Foreign Affairs, Senator the Hon. Brett Mason, outlined how a range of Australian-funded programs assist regional decision-makers in key sectors such as meteorology, fisheries and oceans. Partnerships with key regional organisations including the Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA), the Secretariat of the Pacific Commission (SPC) and the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) are critical.
Pacific Meteorological officers, Mr Sunny Seuseu from Samoa and Mr Ueneta Toorua from Kiribati, presented on how the Climate and Oceans Support Program in the Pacific (COSPPac) is working with Pacific Island meteorological agencies.
The side event also showcased the Pacific Adventures of the Climate Crab (an animated DVD on climate issues) and Sea Level Monitoring in the Pacific DVD.
COSPPac is a $32 million regional aid program running from 2012–2016, funded by the Australian Government and implemented by the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BoM) in partnership with 14 national meteorological services (NMSs) of Pacific countries and regional organisations.
Climate data and information is the heartbeat of national meteorological services. It enables countries to make sound decisions relating to economic development and the well-being of citizens. It underpins accurate seasonal forecasting in key sectors. For example information concerning:
› tides and sea levels maximises the efficiency of shipping services and other ocean-based economic activities, such as fisheries, coastal infrastructure and maintenance. It also enables communities to make decisions relating to safety and access to natural food and other resources
› seasonal climate outlooks influences the quality of planning and responses in agriculture, energy and water supply, as well as tourism, industry, transport and event management
› droughts or risks of flooding enables communities, businesses and governments to prepare for and minimise damage to infrastructure and loss of life
› extreme weather events helps reduce the incidence of vector and water borne diseases such as malaria and dengue, and reduce costs to the health system
› traditional knowledge helps communities to determine reliability of forecasts and plan accordingly.
For more information visit: http://www.dfat.gov.au/ or http://ministers.dfat.gov.au/mason/speeches/Pages/2014/bm_sp_140902.aspx.
The Government of Vanuatu (GoV) values the area of climate change and disaster risk reduction information management, which in Vanuatu is managed at the national level by the National Advisory Board on Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction (NAB).
The NAB is currently involved in a range of large local, provincial, national and international climate change and disaster risk management projects, which include strong information management components. Moving forward, the NAB wants greater collaboration among SIDS member countries on strategies for sharing climate change and disaster risk reduction data and information.
Report from Organizer:Three Key messages
1. The ability to securely store, discover, access and use climate change data and information is essential for governments, communities and other actors to undertake effective adaptation and resilience planning. The side event demonstrated the advances being made to meet the emerging data and information management needs of the region’s sustainable development community and pointed to further advances in e-infrastructure - including a more collaborative data sharing approach - needed in the coming years.
2. An overview was provided of the Pacific Climate Change Portal being developed by SPREP and the national climate information portals being developed by the Governments of Fiji, Tonga and Vanuatu, with funding from GIZ. Additional funding from Australian Aid through the Pacific iCLIM project is helping to advance a regional approach to climate change data and information management, enhancing the accessibility of key data and information across multiple platforms and jurisdictions.
3. The technical approach being implemented by regional and national portals, supported by the Pacific iCLIM initiative, is widely applicable to all SIDS. Polices are need that recognize and support the key role of data and information management for climate change adaptation planning and sustainable development and provide the necessary technical resources.
Report from Organizer:Three key messages on progress made in implementation of sustainable development;
-Greater efforts need to be made in SIDS to encourage young people to pursue careers in the sciences particularly to address priority island issues such as water, waste management, youth unemployment, climate change, degradation of biodiversity, sustainable use of energy
-Science education and the popularization of science in SIDS are important mechanisms to encourage young people and society to invest in science
-Improved teacher training in the sciences plays an important role in ensuring quality education in SIDS
-Strengthened STI policies in SIDS can facilitate improved connections between market demands and knowledge production, skills training and labour mobility, and thus ensure job and entrepreneurial opportunities at home for young SIDS scientists and reduce brain drain.
-Greater efforts should be made to include indigenous knowledge and local resources in finding solutions that address the challenges faced by SIDS
Highlights of newly launched or existing SIDS-centered partnerships for sustainable development and suggested follow-ups;
Voluntary commitments, if any, including financial commitments.
-UNESCO will be preparing an action plan to follow up on the outcomes of the SIDS conference and the recommendations of the panel will be incorporated where applicable.
The Pacific Islands Forum Leaders in 2009 agreed to the (Cairns) Forum Compact on Strengthening Development Coordination in the Pacific to lift the sustainable development performance of the region. Development Coordination is the way in which governments set national priorities, allocate and deliver domestic and external resources (in collaboration with development partners) through strong national planning, budgeting, public financial and aid management systems. Effective coordination of development resources by Pacific Countries requires strong government leadership, institutions and policies; inclusive and mutually accountable national development partnerships and supportive development partners.
The 12 critical areas identified in the BPfA are all related to sustainable development. Advancing gender equality and women’s empowerment are central to progress in this area, yet women and girls, including in SIDS, continue to be discriminated against and face barriers which limit their full and equal participation and contribution to the sustainable development.
A commitment to durable partnerships to advance the rights of women and girls and their empowerment in the SIDS is a lasting contribution to the implementation of the BPfA beyond 2015.
Co-hosts: UNESCAP, PIDF and SPREP
The event will provide a platform for sharing inspiring practices and lessons learned from various SIDS in their transition to a greener economy. It will also discuss elements of a SIDS’ specific green economy methodology and highlight available partnerships that can support SIDS in this area.
President of Kiribati, Environment Minister of Barbados, Executive Chairman of MID Mauritius, Executive Direct of UNEP and Executive Secretary of UNESCAP are invited to share their experiences and opinion.
Report from Organizer:Key messages
• Many SIDS are global leaders on transition to green economy. SIDS have reflected greening of economy not only into national and sectoral policies but also action. For example, investment in renewable energy has allowed Barbados to scale back the USD800mn yearly investment in fossil fuels. Policies for ecosystem restoration and protection, such as the Phoenix Islands Protected Area in Kiribati, are providing inspiration and bringing benefits for tourism and fisheries.
• SIDS are environment based economies and understand the vital role that nature plays and the opportunities it presents for sustainable development. Investment in nature, including in ecosystems and coastal resilience, may seem to some countries like a sacrifice, but for SIDS it is a necessity to ensure sustainability.
• Examples of solutions for blue-green economies exist. This allows for technological leapfrogging to green industries generating green jobs, and green technologies bringing economic, social and environmental benefits.
• The Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE), joint initiative by UNEP, ILO, UNIDO, UNDP and UNITAR, provides assistance to countries seeking to develop and implement inclusive green economy strategies.
• The Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) for SIDS initiative, under the global 10YFP, intends to expedite the implementation of SCP projects.
Report from Organizer:Given the complexity of the environment within which SIDS operate, if they are to achieve their development goals, they will need to determine appropriate policies for resilience-building and embed these policies into their national plans and strategies. The work is multifaceted and complex and data gaps have stymied progress
To this end, the Commonwealth and UN DESA have worked to develop robust frameworks for building the resilience of SIDS and will be working with them to apply these frameworks in the coming year. The Commonwealth’s most recent efforts are captured in a newly released book entitled “Building the resilience of small states”. This is an important milestone in advancing resilience frameworks and will certainly be complementary to DESA’s ongoing work on Vulnerability-Resilience Profile (VRP).
The discussions focused:
• Fundamental role of data and statistics and human capacity building, including to help promote science-policy interface and to reflect local and traditional knowledge,
• Mainstreaming resilience building in national policy and planning in SIDS as each country pursue its own priorities and continue to address vulnerabilities.
Advancing the resilience framework further will require the combined efforts of development partners and SIDS themselves. The Commonwealth and UN DESA are committed to working together to further improve the vulnerability resilience framework to not only improve development outcomes for SIDS from their national effort but also provide a basis for the international community to direct support to SIDS.
Report from Organizer:ITU’s High-level event included Head of States, Prime Ministers and Ministers of ICTs from the SIDS regions as well as other High-level profiles. Ms. Helen Clark, Administrator UNDP moderate and underlined the global trends in ICTs and broadband. She touched upon many issues such as the digital divide that disempowers and sets back people, opportunities in using broadband, remote teaching, early warning systems, e-governance, and connectivity. Key questions included how broadband connect ivy can help the SIDS, challenges and success stories related to ICT and broadband. The session discussed the limitation to the use of ICT Broadband in achieving sustainable development in SIDS and the opportunities and challenges of knowledge sharing.
Mr. Brahima Sanou, Director of the ITU Development Bureau, represented the SG of ITU noted that broadband is key to progress in all countries and has already became a critical national infrastructure like transport, water and other public utilities. The ITU and some SIDS committed themselves to leveraging ICTs and broadband through concrete actions and genuine and effective partnerships to ensure tangible results. It highlighted the need for partnerships, develop and implement projects for connectivity with the goal of increasing the capacity of SIDS and creating self-sufficient, sustainable ICTs.
Report from Organizer:This side event brought together representatives from across the three SIDS regions to share respective experiences and priorities in fisheries. Issues covered during this interactive dialogue were wide ranging - covering management and development of tuna as well as coastal fisheries and aquaculture opportunities. All panellists acknowledged the importance of good data for making informed decisions in fisheries. Remarks highlighted progress SIDS are making in implementing sustainable economic development from fisheries resources;
· Jean-Paul Adam, Foreign Minister for the Republic of the Seychelles, shared the Seychelles’ focus on generating greater value from fisheries. Minister Adam emphasised the need to situate fisheries, and the economic opportunity presented, within a broader economic context in SIDS. The success of local artisanal fisherman in the Seychelles who, through partnering with hoteliers, were able to supply fresh fish for the tourist market at a higher price than for export, was seen as a good way forward.
· Mr James Movick, Director General Forum Fisheries Agency, stressed that zonal rights based management is the fundamental basis for success in Pacific fisheries, with coastal states exerting greater control within their zones over conservation, management and returns received from tuna. Mr Movick raised the Parties to the Nauru Agreement’s Vessel Day Scheme as a prime example in the Pacific. Mr Movick highlighted the success of Pacific Island countries in more than doubling their returns from fishing in their Exclusive Economic Zones in recent years.
· Mr Milton Haughton, Executive Director Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism, noted the highly integrated nature of fisheries and the progress of the Caribbean region in working together. Mr Haughton highlighted a number of priorities including focusing on aquaculture, continuing to strengthen management systems, and improving trade competitiveness.
Panellists raised the need for partnerships at multiple levels in managing and developing fisheries resources; with communities, with industry broadly, with other SIDS to share experiences, as well as more constructive partnerships between resource owners and distant water fleets.
Addressing fishing related subsidies, in light of the significant impact of subsidies on SIDS’ domestic fleets and their ability to compete, remains important.
Islands have inspired solutions. They have made visionary commitments and are leaders of partnerships that are creating change. This event will bring together leaders of island bright spots into a world café style discuss to share successes and lessons in creating a sustainable future for our island Earth.
Participants will have opportunity to join two table discussions of their own choice focused on:
•Food security & invasive species
•Oceans & voyaging
•Leadership in blue/green growth
•Sustainable island communities
This event will be followed by an informal discussion at the different venue.
Email firstname.lastname@example.org for details
Event supporters: European Union through the Indian Ocean Commission ISLANDS Project, Micronesia Conservation Trust, The Nature Conservancy, UNDP Small Grants Programme, Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Association for Promotion of International Cooperation, Agenda to Action.
Waste management challenges include limited formal waste collection, insufficient volumes of waste streams such as plastics to attract recycling industries, as well as proneness to disasters in certain regions, further increasing the likelihood of waste ending up in the ocean and becoming marine litter. Once in the ocean, recovery is very costly and many times futile.
The side event will present good practices and initiatives of SIDS, such as Samoa, to reduce and manage the influx of waste into the marine environment from land-based and sea-based sources, It will showcase solutions and ongoing activities of the Global Partnership on Marine Litter, and will prepare recommendations for the way forward.
This side event will bring together representatives from the Caribbean, Indian Ocean and Pacific – as well as representatives from international organisations – to look at the many opportunities and challenges which face small island developing states in their efforts to finance sustainable development, as well as explore different countries’ experiences. It will also ask how some of the challenges identified can be overcome.
The International Trade Centre (ITC), the Government of Samoa and other stakeholders will shed light on actions taken to increase incomes and impact poverty in the SIDS by linking women to global value chains. Examples of such initiatives include efforts to increase sourcing from women in Samoa through government procurement, and improving the capacities of bilum weavers in Papua New Guinea in partnership with leading fashion designers.
Report from Organizer:In terms of provision of safe drinking water, SIDS specific approaches such as an integrated water resources management approach can be economically feasible and viable in the face of dispersed and small island communities. Such approaches also results in environmental benefits in terms of conservation of water and allowing water aquifers to recharge. The provision of safe drinking water is also related to social well being and improving human health. As such, innovative approaches that are specific to the SIDS context are important in substantively realizing sustainable development in SIDS.
The I-20 Conference theme of “Special Conference on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States through Genuine and Durable Partnerships” will be organised around four panels: 1. Identifying the impact of G-20 energy policy and its implications for small islands. 2. Some Cultural Constraints on Energy Security and Environmental Sustainability for Small Islands.3. Sustainable Development and Protection of Island Marine Environment. Sustainable Green Growth and Travelism of Islands.
Report from Organizer:Three key messages:
• Exploring the challenge of the three “E”s of energy security, economic efficiency, and environmental acceptability for small islands.
• Focusing and Assessing on the issue of energy security both from the context of the UN’s global concerns and the more economically rationalist decisions the larger economies of the G-20 with their consequences for small islands.
• highlights of newly launched or existing SIDS-centered partnerships ;
• Jeju Islands-20 Initiative I-20 a linking-pin conference for setting up genuine and durable partnership for sustainable development between UN SIDS and Island Provinces of G-20 countries every year alternatively.
• As we also co-sponsor the 2nd Int’l Electric Vehicle Expo IEVE for small islands ( March 6-March 15,2015) and run Asia Pacific Culture Exploration and Peace Island Leadership School to cultivate youth of safeguarding their tangible and intangible natural and cultural heritages in island societies.
• Budgeting for 2015 Islands-20 Initiative in March of 2015 and try to technology of Windy plan ( Korean electric lottery company) sponsor our project.
Report from Organizer:The televised panel discussion was facilitated by Mr David Eades, from BBC World, and will be provided as a 25-minute TV package to broadcasters throughout the Pacific and other SIDS regions. It included the following panellists:
• President of Kiribati, His Excellency Anote Tong
• State Secretary of the Government of Norway, Mr Hanns Brattskar
• Deputy Secretary General of the World Meteorological Organisation, Mr Jeremiah Lengoasa
• Director General of the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Program, Mr David Sheppard
• Minister for Natural Resources and Environment of the Government of Samoa, Hon. FaamoetauloaLealioutoto Taito Dr.FaaleTumaalii
• Minister of Finance of the Giovernment of Tonga, Hon. ‘Aisake Valu Eke
The panellists highlighted the following aspects:
1) Weather and climate services provide the critical information needed to prepare for hydro-meteorological hazards. National Hydrological and Meteorological Services (NMHSs) are instrumental for the production and delivery of these services.
2) Governments need to enhance the capacities of their own National Hydrological and Meteorological Services (NMHSs) but also of those across the region and globally to be better prepared for hydro-meteorological events especially in light that these events are increasing in frequency and strengths. The World Meteorological Organization works as a facilitator in bringing together willing collaboratorsin governments and in NMHSs as was highlighted by the generous support by both Norway and Finland on institutional and technical support respectively.
3) Weather and climate forecasts and predictions need to move away from technical messages, such as amounts of rainfall or wind speeds, but rather be delivered as impacts (e.g. wind speed of x translates to banana trees falling over). Global standards for impact based forecasting are currently under development by the WMO.
There is a misconception inherent in climate change discussions that refers to climate change as something that will happen sometime in the future. The reality for the low-lying atoll nations like Tuvalu, Kiribati, Marshall Islands and the Maldives who are at the frontline of climate change is that climate change is happening NOW.
The chances of SIDS requiring international assistance in the aftermath of an international disaster is very high, they are small, isolated states, susceptible to climate change, sea level rise and natural and environmental disasters and with limited capacities. Managing such assistance can be extremely challenging. Unintentional red tape can tie aid efforts in knots, with urgently needed goods stuck behind “business as usual” procedures. On the other hand, gaps in national oversight over international efforts in the chaotic atmosphere after a disaster can result in poor quality, poor coordination and poor accountability. Often, we see both types of problem in the same operation.
The Artibonite Binational Project is an important experience for Sustainable Management and Promotion of Sustainable Development from transboundary natural resources worthy of being released to the world. In this matter, SAMOA 2014 is the ideal space to exhibit this experience, which contributes to the fulfillment of the Mauritius Strategy and the Barbados Plan of Action.
In Aruba, economic development is advancing at a pace that is often more stable than in other island states, driven mostly by a strong tourism and hospitality industry. However, in order to fuel this growth, Aruba must import ever-larger amounts of costly fuel and other resources each year primarily for the production of water and electricity —damaging its environment and ultimately eroding sustainable development.
This side event will address the challenge that most of the SIDS all over the world face today: the continued pursuit of a low-carbon growth pathway that reduces fossil fuel use to the support of a healthy, prosperous, and secure future. Aruba addresses this challenge with a highly ambitious plan to obtain by 2020, 100% of its energy need from renewable sources, increasing its social, environmental and economic resilience through the efficient use of natural resources and implementation of projects that will also create and sustain high-quality local jobs for current and future generations. At this side event, ‘the Aruba model’ will be presented by the main actors involved on a political and technical level.
Co-Chairs: Mr. Hiroshi Terashima Executive Director, Ocean Policy Research Foundation (OPRF) and Prof. Richard
Kenchington, Visiting Professional Fellow, Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security (ANCORS)
Mr. Hiroshi Terashima (OPRF)
• Mr. Joji Miyamori, Senior Deputy Director, Global Environment Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan
• H.E. Mr. Tommy Remengesau, Jr., President, Republic of Palau
• Representative, Government of Pacific island country
◆Thematic presentation on the recommendation for sustainable development of SIDS
• Prof. Paul Kench, Head, School of Environment, University of Auckland
• Prof. Richard Kenchington, (ANCORS)
• Ms. Alison Swaddling, Environment Advisor, Deep Sea Minerals (DSM) Project, Secretariat of the Pacific
• Mr. Masanori Kobayashi, Research Fellow, OPG, OPRF
• Dr. Keita Furukawa, Deputy Director, Ocean Policy Group, OPRF
◆Proposal for the establishment of an international collaborative network “Islands and Oceans Net”
• Mr. Hiroshi Terashima (OPRF)
• Prof. Rajesh Chandra, Vice-Chancellor and President, University of the South Pacific (USP)
• Mr. Warren Lee Long, Coastal and Marine Adviser, Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)
• Other stakeholders
◆Wrap-up and Adoption of the Declaration
The project aims to generate increased export revenues and household incomes derived from the production, processing and exports of the Comoros three main cash crops in order to contribute to sustained poverty reduction in the Union of Comoros, through an inclusive and sustainable growth strongly related to the quality of environment and impacts of climate change.
Many SIDS have achieved much by formulating and implementing national policies and measures to promote the efficient use of energy and the development of environmentally sound sources of energy with energy-efficient technologies. Yet, their full potential has not been realized.
Action is being taken at the regional level by ESCAP to enhance national capacity to effectively plan, manage and monitor the energy sectors of SIDS.
A significant initiative of Kazakhstan, together with ESCAP, is the unique "Green Bridge" Partnership Programme which provides a good model for regional sharing and development.
Despite prolonged policy efforts, SIDS have not shared in the improved economic growth of larger peers since the late 1990s, and continue to experience relatively high levels of macroeconomic volatility. The reasons for this are many, and include high levels of public debt built up from weak fiscal balances and slow growth, financial sectors which have not yet developed adequately to play their full role in managing volatility and fostering growth, challenges related to the impacts of natural disasters, and the difficulty in some cases of putting high levels of aid to work in lifting economic growth. How have countries grappled with these diverse challenges? Does a lasting solution to these issues require a comprehensive approach?
I. (13.00-13.20) Introductory Remarks
II.(13.20- 13.30) The Comprehensive Development Framework
III.(13.30 – 14.10) Addressing the Ingredients of the Comprehensive Growth and Debt Framework: Presentation and Country Examples
(14:10-14:25) Moderated Discussion // Q&A Session focusing on positive or negative experiences on the Comprehensive Growth and Debt Framework pillars (Debt, fiscal, private sector-led-growth and natural disaster risks).
IV. (14.25 – 14.30) Closing Remarks
Co-Organizers: International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Government of Italy
This FAO-led multi-stakeholder dialogue will provide an opportunity to present and exchange views on some possible approaches, options and actions that will promote food security and nutrition while also addressing climate change and environmental threats in SIDS. It will also discuss ways and means to move forward through improved policy, capacity building and effective and well-coordinated partnerships in line with the International SIDS conference objective.
The Side event will be chaired by the Prime Minister of Barbados.
The side event will highlight ESD as a sound investment in education, showcase how ESD can be implemented by national education systems in SIDS, provide examples on the contribution of ESD towards sustainable and resilient societies and illustrate successful cases of ESD in action in UNESCO Biosphere Reserves as real life learning sites.
The transfer and adaptation of Cuba’s Risk Reduction Management Centre (RRMC) model to five diverse Caribbean nations is an example of effective SSC. The RRMC model was identified as a best practice and subsequently implemented in other 5 Caribbean countries: Trinidad & Tobago, British Virgin Islands, Guyana, Dominican Republic and Jamaica.
TRH will produce enough hydropower to boost renewable energy in Solomon Islands past the 75% mark, and reduce national exposure to the risks of fuel price rises.
The TRH leverages the commercial viability of renewable energy to anchor a range of sustainable development initiatives including a protected area encompassing more than 100km2 of highland and montane tropical forest.
This project has only been possible through the mainstreaming of partnership as a central principle in all dealings, and in particular between indigenous landowners and the national government.
This side event will share the context and rationale for such an approach and highlight the principle innovations that have been developed to enable partnership to be realised.
Report from Organizer:• Oceans are SIDS patrimony. The Oceans economy approach can create significant opportunities for sustainable utilisation of natural resources and value addition. Mauritius recently adopted its “Oceans Economy Roadmap” seeking to tap these opportunities. This includes the development of seabed mining; fishing and seafood processing; aquaculture; deep-water applications; renewable energy, sustainable tourism and maritime transport.
• Maritime transport is the lifeline sustaining the economic development and survival of SIDS. Persistent transport challenges derive from SIDS inherent features, (insularity, small size, and remoteness). Other concerns are cross cutting, e.g. climate change impacts, environmental vulnerability, high fuel price volatility. These features together make SIDS a special case and developing resilient and sustainable transport systems becomes key. The government of Samoa has developed a 5 year National Transport Sector Plan that defines key strategies aiming at improving efficiency and integrating environmental sustainability, climate change adaptation and energy efficiency through partnerships.
• There is also the need to build links between transport, trade and supply capacities. Pooling of resources at national and regional level is required. Innovative finance and regional cooperation should be strengthened.
• UNCTAD and PIFS announced to develop partnership relating to Oceans, Transport and Trade development in the Pacific.
Population dynamics and sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) are critical, cross-cutting issues for sustainable development and the post-2015 development agenda. Partnerships will be discussed that address the SRHR of vulnerable groups and gender mainstreaming in climate change prevention and policy. Recommendations will be developed on health systems strengthening and entry points through education.
In addition to coordinating an interfaculty postgraduate programme in development studies, CSS leads and coordinates development research undertaken by staff and students of NUS on development issues in Samoa. Current research is a (i) a study of gender roles and participation in local village governments in Samoa, made possible by the Australian Development Research Assistance Scheme and (ii) monitoring and evaluation of the UNDP Transformational Leadership Programme. NUS is also facilitating a series of forums through CSS, on issues of national interest associated with Samoan development, culture, law, and government, funded by the Australian Pacific Leadership Programme. CSS and other faculties also host regular seminars on many issues of interest to the public in Samoa.
● Building capacity and supporting energy transitions on policies, technologies, funding, partnerships with government and other policy-making stakeholders in different regions and languages
● Available 2014 and 2015, for free (funded by the UN and its partners)
We will also discuss how to:
● Request participation to a FFRE workshop
● Host one in your country
Tuesday 4th September: 9:00 – 10:30 am Room CR3, Faleata Sports Complex
● What's FFRE?
● The rationale and methodology of the FFRE workshop series. François Fortier, UNOSD (10 min)
● Mauritius FFRE, May 2014. Osman Mahomed, MID Commission (10 min)
● Integrating Renewable Energy into National Sustainable Development Strategies and Plans in SIDS Ivan Vera and Thomas Hamlin, WECDB (20 min)
● Financing the Energy Transition through Fiscal Reform Opportunities Richard Bridle, GSI (20 min, via video link)
● FFRE Discussion
● Open plenary and networking (30 min)
Dr François Fortier is Senior Sustainable Development Expert at the UN Office for Sustainable Development, leading the FFRE initiative. He works on climate change and development, with a long experience of both programme fieldwork and academic research and teaching.
Eng Osman Mahomed is Executive Chairman of the Maurice Ile Durable Commission, Prime Minister Office of Mauritius With a decade of civil service, he leads the implementation of the country's sustainable development strategy, and hosted the Mauritius FFRE workshop of May 2014.
Dr Ivan Vera, Senior Sustainable Development Officer, Water, Energy and Capacity Development Branch, Division for Sustainable Development (UN-DESA), brings a long experience of energy in development, notably through the SE4All initiative, as Secretary of UN-Energy, at the IAE and the OECD.
Richard Bridle is Researcher at the Global Subsidies Initiative, International Institute for Sustainable Development, Geneva. Coming from the renewable energy industry, he works on renewable energy support policies, notably issues of subsidies and fiscal reforms.
Report from Organizer:This side event was presenting the Fossil Fuel to Renewable Energy (FFRE) Transition Workshops series, for which the 3 key SD messages are that:
1) Renewable energy is essential for sustainability, in view of the climate emergency that requires an urgent mitigation of greenhouse gases, but also of the trespassing of other planetary boundaries affected by fossil fuels, such as fresh water depletion or toxification.
2) RE is already economically and technically feasible for SIDS: fiscal reforms that eliminate fossil fuel subsidies can greatly contribute to levelling the playing ground for RE technologies, making them competitive. Other key policy instruments, discussed in the FFRE workshops, can also facilitate the transition, notably to mobilise the public and private capital needed.
3) The FFRE partners can help guide the process to a national energy transition, building capacity, sharing good practices, and nurturing a community of practice for long-term peer support in energy transition.
1.To share experience of the Indian Ocean Commission in advancing regional cooperation , for the development of islands , its challenges and success
2.Recommendation for strengthening partnership with SIDS across region
b.Mechanism can be put in place to enhance partnership
a.SG – IOC (5mins)
b.Film on IOC (3mins)
c.Madagascar as chair of the IOC (5mins)
•Presentation /Panel discussion (1hour)
a.Education and awareness - IOC /ISLANDS
b.Experience of the island of Zanzibar of the United Republic of Tanzania- DR Aboud Jumbe Aboud Suleiman
c.Capital accounting – Mauritius
d.Advancing the youth causes , youth partnership - SYAH
•Signing of MOU between IOC and WMO ( tbc)
•Conclusion by Secretary General COI
•IOC Member States
•Development partners ( EU, AFD , UNISDR, World Bank , FAO/ FIDA,
•UN – UNDESA, UNDP, UNEP, WMO etc…
Report from Organizer:Name of Side Event: Culture and Development: Heritage and Creativity for Sustainable Development of SIDS
The event was filled to its maximum by SIDS Member States listening to the informative presentations by Ministers, Regional Organisations implementation reports.
The Side Event Recommends and supports action to
• Promote cultural diversity, intercultural dialogue and international cooperation and partnerships in the cultural field particularly through strengthening SIDS Net joint collaborative activities between the three regions.
• Progress the development of cultural policy of SIDS Sustainable development at national and regional levels noting the advances made in the SIDS regional frameworks and model laws.
• Increase the number of SIDS state parties to the UNESCO Conventions on Culture and under water cultural heritage, noting the progress and increase in World Heritage Sites, ICH elements, Inscriptions of Documentary Heritage in the SIDS region post Mauritius.
• Strengthen SIDS capacity building and awareness-raising, encouraging youth and community participation through the establishment of knowledge management centres model as at the Pacific Heritage Hub, University of the South Pacific for increased between collaboration between the regions.
• Support the ongoing efforts of the international community to fully integrate the comprehensive role of culture in the post 2015 agenda, as an enabler and a driver of sustainable development.
• Promote SIDS WH paper 38.
Given their geographic, topographic and physical characteristics, such as proximity to sea level, small island nations are inherently vulnerable to natural disasters, including storm surges, floods, droughts, tsunamis and cyclones. Sea level rise is increasingly a concern for many countries in coastal regions, particularly those with low-lying urban centers. Many reefs surrounding islands also serve to protect the coast from storm surges, but degradation of these reefs due to pollution and climate change leaves coasts vulnerable. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) forecasts a marked increase in the intensity and frequency of extreme weather events which, for many islands, will cause inundation, widespread damage to infrastructure, and loss of coastal agriculture. More frequent natural disasters will also result in costly societal effects such as food and water shortages and loss of human lives.
This dialogue is aimed at highlighting the findings of the report to catalyse action and strengthen exchanges of experience and knowledge across SIDS in tackling the causes and consequences of climate change. The event will bring together climate change experts, senior officials and negotiators to discuss their responses to climate change and look ahead over a critical 16 months for international climate change negotiations.