Report from Organizer:The objective of this event was to debate the future of economic integration in the Caribbean, its likely impact on the labour market, and to explore how partnership between government, private sector and the labour movement can contribute to better labour market outcomes for the region. One of the insights offered during the discussion dealt with financial organizations, suggesting they need to re-diagnose the systematic issues facing the Caribbean and change their windows of support. The importance of regional tripartite social dialogue, in addition to national tripartite social dialogue, was also stressed. Furthermore it was emphasised that Caribbean countries must produce a skilled and adaptable workforce in order to withstand economic shocks. Finally, it was suggested that the future of economic integration in the Caribbean needs to be re-thought, while calling for a renewed partnership with the social partners to face the challenges of the labour market. At the outcome, it was proposed that the ILO creates a module on labour diplomacy with the Diplomatic Academy of West Indies based in Trinidad and Tobago, to enable greater engagement of social partners in political processes. Alignment of labour force skills to the demand from the labour market was proposed as well.
We aspire to achieve the following objectives:
(i) Raise awareness on latest growth strategies, including novel approaches to industrial policy
(ii) Help identify capacity constraints to implement such strategies
(iii) Discuss examples of competitive value chains which are important for SIDS; some prominent ones include fisheries, tourism, and yachting.
UNIDO and WBG Competitive Industries help clients identify and address the meso-and micro-economic barriers that are impeding the growth of industries; and help generate jobs, investments and economic growth. Our global teams deliver results by collaborating with SIDS clients in (e.g.) Haiti, Madagascar, Jamaica, Cape Verde, Comoros, Trinidad & Tobago and Papua New Guinea. The event will feature a panel of experts, showcase successful case studies, and contextualize our products to SIDS.
Report from Organizer:The event highlighted examples of how: (i) developing new tuna fisheries value-chains in SIDS can both enhance livelihoods and tackle environmentally and economically wasteful discarding of fish at sea, (ii) empowering small businesses in fisheries value-chains in the SIDS can induce them to become more conscious and cognizant of reducing resource use while maintaining productivity levels, and (iii) opportune financing of small-scale fisheries value-chains has improved productivity and reduced post-harvest losses.
Delegate from Cook Islands informed about the latest mission of FAO to the region on agribusiness financing. background info available on www.3adi.org
PACENET Plus upcoming think tank on coastal ecosystem health in March 2015
Commonwealth sustainable oceans programme
WTO 4th global Review on Aid for Trade (July 2014) partnership in upcoming research work themes on small economies workprogramme to be launched later in 2014
Delegates from Tuvalu and Cook Island and SIDS civil society partners - importance of social value and need to balance export focus with meeting of SIDS food and livelihoods
map out potential strategies for strengthening small-scale businesses in fisheries by employing value-chain analysis to enhance food security and livelihoods in the region.
synergies with financing partners notably World Bank, ACP and EU and IFC investments in Pacific region - case of Soltuna in Solomon Islands
expand south-south and north-south technical cooperation and inter-regional exchanges to Caribbean and AIMS regional fisheries value chains
In recent years, the above mentioned structures and partnerships have started to change, in reflection of the progressive integration of CC and DRM, prompted by the recognition of the significant overlaps between these cross-cutting ‘disciplines’.
At national level, Tonga as well as some other Pacific island countries have either developed, or are developing integrated approaches to DRM and CC, some through Joint National Action Plans on CC and DRM (JNAPs) or other integrated policies and plans. Some countries have also updated their national institutional structures to promote integrated DRM and CC approaches.
Pacific DRM and CC ‘communities’ and regional intergovernmental mechanisms agreed to combine their efforts to develop a Strategy for Climate and Disaster Resilient Development by 2015 to succeed the Pacific Disaster Risk Reduction and Disaster Management Framework for Action 2005 – 2015 and the Pacific Islands Framework for Action on Climate Change 2006 – 2015.
SPREP, SPC and UNISDR convened an inaugural Joint Meeting of the Pacific Platform for Disaster Risk Management & Pacific Climate Change Roundtable in 2013 as part of the process to develop the abovementioned strategy.
The agreement and initiative taken to develop an integrated regional strategy for DRM and Climate Change makes the Pacific the first region in the world to take constructive steps towards combining regional, national and sub national efforts to reduce the risks to sustainable national development posed by disasters and climate change. The process through which the Strategy is being developed is currently referred to as the “Roadmap”.
Report from Organizer:1. The Pacific Region is committed to and leading the way in the integration on management of climate change and disaster risk reduction.
2. Strong and durable partnerships is and inclusiveness of vulnerable groups is imperative to the success of the strategy
3. Information sharing is important as is adequate and predictable resourcing required for successful implementation.
The Pacific Resilience Partnership will oversee the implementation of the Strategy for Climate and Disaster Resilient Development, to ensure that actions are carried out in a coordinated and inclusive manner.
It will also oversee the monitoring, evaluation; reporting and learning process throughout the life of the Strategy. This is expected to bring about more effective results on the ground and promote the sustainable development of Pacific Island Countries and Territories.
The Pacific Resilience Partnership will be established as a joint forum on climate and disaster resilience, bringing together the climate change and disaster communities of practice as well as related sector experts, including private sector, civil society organizations, government departments, donors, regional and international organizations, to coordinate and strengthen our efforts to reduce vulnerability and build resilience to all hazards, whether slow or rapid onset.
Report from Organizer:The SIDS Side event reaffirmed that sustainable development of Small Island Developing States is intricately connected to the good health and well-being of their people. The political leaders (Prime Minister of Samoa and Health Minister) and key note speakers (UNDP and WHO) in this SIDS side event have declared NCDs a health and economic crisis and called for urgent actions and response. As highlighted in the SAMOA Pathway outcome document, the burden and threat of NCDs constitutes one of the major challenges for sustainable development in the twenty first century in SIDS countries and territories. The SIDS Health side event reiterated the importance of genuine and durable partnerships. The Apia Challenge is an example of partnership on NCDs within the SIDS Forum and also challenges non-SIDS developed countries to take greater responsibility with regard to their trading practices.
1. UN Member States and our Development Partners to support SIDS by taking greater responsibility for their international trade practices
2. SIDS to strengthen their regulations on trade policies and take fiscal policy measures to confront the causes of NCDs
3. UN Member States to ensure the NCD goals and targets are central to the Post-2015 Development Agenda
Report from Organizer:The Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, in partnership with the Secretariat of the Pacific Community, the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme and Conservation International, convened Our Sea of Islands, Our Livelihoods, Our Oceania - The Pacific Ocean Alliance, a side event at the Third International Conference on Small Island Developing States.
The Pacific Ocean Alliance seeks to bring together a broad range of stakeholders with diverse interests in the Pacific Ocean. “No one nation or industry is solely responsible for putting pressure on our ocean, nor can any one entity find the solution in isolation. It is simple - we cannot protect and manage our ocean without working together” highlighted Tuiloma Neroni Slade, Pacific Ocean Commissioner and Secretary General of the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat.
The side event provided a mix of cultural presentations by the University of the South Pacific’s Oceania Centre and conversations on a range of ocean-related topics. The President of the Republic of Palau, Prime Minister of Tuvalu, and senior representatives from United Nations agencies, the World Bank, Council of Regional Organisations in the Pacific (CROP) agencies, non-government organisations and community organisations formed part of the esteemed group of panellists.
In the outcome document of the inter-regional preparatory meeting for the Third International Conference on Small Island Developing States, SIDS called for the “establishment of a SIDS specific support platform within the 10YFP with emphasis on small and medium enterprises, sustainable tourism, sustainable lifestyles and education for sustainable development […], sustainable waste management and sustainable food systems, including food security, to encourage linkages in the sustainable supply chain to promote rural development.”[para. 128].
The 10YFP Secretariat, hosted by UNEP, is supporting the development of such a platform.
The side event will bring together an initial group of partners to deliver support on SCP for SIDS, with representatives from governments, financial institutions and other stakeholders to exchange knowledge and commit to join forces in the promotion of sustainable patterns of consumption and production in the SIDS countries, focusing on tourism, waste and food.
13:00 - 13:30: Ministerial Panel: Facilitating the transition to sustainable consumption and production patterns and low carbon societies in SIDS
13:30 - 13:45: Question and Answer session
13:45 - 14:15: High Level Panel: Scaling up best practices and SCP policies in SIDS
14:15 - 14:25: Question and Answer Session
14:25 - 14:30: Closing remarks: UNEP
Report from Organizer:The Side Event was hosted to launch the “SCP for SIDS” initiative within the 10-Year Framework of Programmes (10-YFP), in response to the request made by SIDS member states. The main objective of this initiative is to support specific activities, projects and capacity building aimed at facilitating sustainable consumption and production (SCP) patterns responding to SIDS priorities. Interventions during the side event focused on development challenges faced by SIDS to meet sustainable development goals.
Moving towards SCP patterns can effectively address and provide the opportunity to meet the challenges that SIDS face in promoting resource efficiency, cleaner production and more sustainable lifestyles. SCP plays a key role in assisting SIDS to achieve sustainability through intelligent and smart behaviours and lifestyles. Thus, a switch to a low carbon economy could be the response to many of the critical challenges of SIDS.
The side event allowed Mauritius to share its experience and success stories in implementing its SCP Action Plan. Achievements in the field of energy efficiency, sustainability of building and construction sector, green public procurement and awareness-raising on sustainable lifestyles were show cased.
Emphasis was laid on the fact that implementing SCP and sustainable development was beyond the capacity of a single partner or institution. There is an urgent need for strong partnership and collaboration of the international community in terms of financial and technical support, technology transfer and capacity building.
The UN Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) is the globally accepted framework used to fight corruption with 171 State parties. However, anti-corruption reform cannot be reproduced uniformly around the globe. For SIDS to adopt anti-corruption reform that is both effective and sustainable, a unique and tailored approach is required. This must also include the development of strong partnerships to draw on existing strengths and the sharing of experiences on how to overcome common challenges.
This side event seeks to open the discussion on sustainable anti-corruption reform by considering the specific challenges faced by SIDS in this regard. Specific issues to be addressed will include affordability, capability, accountability, access, competing priorities, supplementation and the “smallness” of SIDS.
Report from Organizer:Sustainable anti-corruption reform needs to consider the uniqueness of SIDS. Progress has been made by countries, with 171 States parties including 28 SIDS to the UN Convention against Corruption (UNCAC), to prevent and fight corruption. However, it is the implementation of the Convention that is the greater challenge. Specific issues in SIDS, discussed at the side event, included the affordability, capability, accountability, access, competing priorities, supplementation and the “smallness” of SIDS. By using UNCAC as the framework and through its review mechanism, SIDS have been identifying and prioritizing their specific anti-corruption needs. These needs are beginning to be addressed (i.e. through legislative drafting, capacity-building), also through South-South cooperation and partnerships between countries, as well as with the UN system. One example highlighted was the partnership between UNODC and UNDP with 15 Pacific Islands countries and territories under the UN Pacific Regional Anti-Corruption Project. However, the discussion was deemed broader than this side event and a commitment was therefore made to continue the interactions. It was decided that UNODC and UNDP would explore holding a forum next year that would specifically consider the development of “sustainable anti-corruption reform in SIDS” principles by SIDS.
The programme puts into practice the important requirements for the mainstreaming and integration of climate change into provincial planning, and takes a holistic approach to support the development of Choiseul Province in an integrated, ridge-community-reef (RCR) and ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) approach. Implementation on the ground focusses on the following sectors: food security, ecosystem-based adaptation, climate change adaptation, climate change risk and adaptation assessment, enhancing resilience of communities.
Report from Organizer:Key messages:
• Demand for statistics is higher for monitoring SDG than when the MDGs was adopted in 2000
• New tools and innovation/technology are available to support statistics generation and leap frog statistical development for SIDS
• Means of implementation (SDG Goal 17) should include new global compact for statistics to provide greater investments for statistics development in support of decisions and policies on sustainable development
• SIDS should have an agreed set of indicators to monitor their progress in achieving sustainable development
• Institutional innovations should be in place –organizational changes from national statistical office to national statistical systems to better respond to data needs
• Priority statistical challenges faced by SIDS that need to be addressed in the SDG: governance; coordination and cooperation; statistical infrastructure; human resource capacity; and ICT
• Establish global fund for statistics – currently only a very small fraction of ODA for statistics is available for statistical capacity development; more is needed to be able to monitor SDGs
• Strengthen statistics partnership between NSO/NSS and stakeholders and development partners and build new ones with civil society and private sector; encourage public-private partnerships
• Institutionalize evidence-based policy and decision making in SIDS
• Strengthen leadership and management of NSS
• Better communication of statistics and improved statistical literacy of data users; strengthen user-produce dialogues
• Coordination of national statistical systems (NSS) through regional and national statistical strategies (NSDS, RSDS) framework
• Use of ICT in improving regional and national statistics
Drawing upon global and regional experiences, the event will review challenges and opportunities for SIDS emphasizing opportunities for preventing displacement when possible, addressing the protection needs of displaced people, and discussing voluntary migration and the appropriateness of planned relocation as an adaptation measure to strengthen community resilience. It will also introduce the Norwegian and Swiss-led Nansen Initiative, a consultative process seeking to develop a protection agenda on cross-border displacement in disaster contexts.
Report from Organizer:• three key messages on progress made in implementation of sustainable development:
Each year, tens of thousands of people living on Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are displaced by disasters linked to natural hazards and the numbers are likely to grow in the context of climate change.
While affected communities wish to stay, good preparedness and sound management of human mobility is important already at this stage if we are to successfully adapt to climate change.
What is needed is effective action to: Build the resilience and preparedness of communities to prevent and mitigate the effect of displacement; facilitate voluntary migration as a positive adaptation strategy to climate change; plan for relocation, with the participation of and in consultation with affected communities, when the movement of people is unavoidable; and prepare for admitting, protecting and assisting people displaced across borders when such displacement occurs.
• highlights of newly launched or existing SIDS-centered partnershipsfor sustainable development and suggested follow-ups:
The Nansen Initiative is a state-led consultative process to build consensus on how to best to address human mobility in the context of disasters and climate change. Itcontinues to work with governments, regional and international organizations, civil society organizations, and communities in all SIDS regions in the lead up to a global consultation in 2015 to develop a protection agenda that exhibits the most effective way to address the challenges at hand.
The UN Secretary-General will be joined on the podium by H.E. Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi, Prime Minister of Samoa, and Mr. WU Hongbo, Secretary-General for the Third International Conference on SIDS.
Mr. Taleb Rifai, Secretary-General, World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), will moderate an inter-active dialogue among the following speakers:
Mr. José Graziano da Silva, Director-General, FAO
Ms. Irina Bokova, Director-General, UNESCO
Mr. Mukhisa Kituyi, Secretary-General, UNCTAD
Ms. Helen Clark, Administrator, UNDP
Mr. Achim Steiner, Executive Director, UNEP
Ms. Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, Executive Director, UN Women
Ms. Rachel Kyte, Vice President and Special Envoy for Climate Change, World Bank Group
Ms. Shamshad Akhtar, Under-Secretary-General and Executive Secretary, UN/ESCAP
Mr. WU Hongbo, Under-Secretary General, UN/DESA and Secretary-General for the Third
International Conference on SIDS
Ms. Valerie Amos, Under-Secretary-General and Emergency Relief Coordinator, UN/OCHA
Secretary-General BAN Ki-moon and UN system leaders will highlight the UN system’s tangible contribution to the sustainable development of SIDS. The high-level event will demonstrate how the UN system is working together with and for SIDS on sustainable social and economic development, climate change and disaster risk management, oceans and seas, and other priority areas.
For more information, please see unsceb.org
Report from Organizer:The CEB high-level side event brought together leaders of the United Nations System in a demonstration of their commitment to working with SIDS and their partners for sustainable development and a life of dignity for all. The discussion showed that the UN system – in all its diversity – is heeding the calls for SIDS to pool expertise, share knowledge and act together to meet the high expectations of the governments and people of small island nations. The system is united for SIDS and an essential partner in the implementation of the SAMOA Pathway.
Noting that this Conference marks the start of a new level of engagement and action by the United Nations, the Secretary-General, on behalf of the UN system, made three commitments:
1. UN system organizations will focus on delivering as one for SIDS, ensuring that their actions are coordinated and coherent and take advantage of synergies whenever possible.
2. The UN system will do more to help build capacity in SIDS, reflecting differing needs and strengthening national ownership.
3. The UN system will foster strong partnerships that deliver quality results for SIDS.
Report from Organizer:The opening for signature of this historic SIDS DOCK Treaty – a SIDS-SIDS Initiative - was a major highlight of the first day of the United Nations (UN) Third International Conference on SIDS, taking place in Apia, Samoa. SIDS DOCK (www.sidsdock.org) is an initiative among member countries of the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) to provide the Small Island Developing States (SIDS) with a collective institutional mechanism to assist them transform their national energy sectors into a catalyst for sustainable economic development and help generate financial resources to address adaptation to climate change.
SIDS DOCK development is being jointly coordinated by the Caribbean Community Climate Change Center (5Cs) and the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), with oversight from a Steering Committee comprised primarily of AOSIS Ambassadors to the United Nations and technical experts. The signing of the historic treaty in Samoa was witnessed by the SIDS DOCK partners and supporters, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the World Bank, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and the Clinton Foundation.
The treaty was signed by the governments of Barbados, Belize, Bahamas (Commonwealth of the), Dominica (Commonwealth of), Cabo Verde (Republic of), Cook Islands, Dominican Republic, Fiji (Republic of), Grenada, Guinea Bissau, Kiribati (Republic of), Niue, Palau (Republic of), Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa (Independent State of), Seychelles (Republic of), and Tuvalu, who ratified the Statute.
The Statute will remain open for signature in Apia, Samoa until September 5, and will re-open for signature in Belmopan, Belize, from September 6, 2014 until it enters into force. Belize is the host country for SIDS DOCK, with Samoa designated as the location for the Pacific regional office.
Report from Organizer:Building on the work of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (of UNESCO) and partners, a panel of international and SIDS experts addressed how science and observation, the use of early warnings can help SIDS in reducing coastal vulnerability and guide the development of coastal adaptation measures. Responses to three types of ocean hazards - namely sea-level rise, ocean acidification and tsunamis- were discussed.
Key recommendations on coastal adaptation included:
- Ensure that Coastal Land Use Planning mechanisms are in place, through enforced coastal zone managements plans that imposes conditions on coastal infrastructure -
- Improve Information/data collection, through technology transfer for SIDS to ultimately improve the information base for designing sound adaptation measures
On the topic of ocean acidification:
- More research is needed to understand global OA conditions, ecosystem response to OA and Optimize forecasts for OA and its impacts.
-Following a parallel workshop organized during UN SIDS Conference 2014, a new Ocean Acidification networks for Caribbean, Pacific Islands, and AIMS SIDS regions was fostered, which will be SIDS-focused and driven, and will promote capacity building activities and south-south cooperation, as part of the existing Global Ocean Acidification Observation Network (Partnership #2619)
In relation to mitigation and preparedness to tsunami, it was noted that
- The Pacific Ocean is still poorly covered in term of seismic observations and the existing observation network needs to be strengthened, particularly in the South Pacific region
- SIDS need to address specific challenges in terms of improved monitoring and response to tsunami events, the establishment of national tsunami warning center operating on 24/7 basis across the region, the development of timely communications to local population, the adoption of tsunami evacuation maps, the undertaking of exercise and drills with local communities so to raise preparedness, and continue to build human capacity. In this respect, the Partnership on Global Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System (# 2638) led by IOC provides a recognized framework to address the specific needs of SIDS.
With 2014 also marking the first year of the United Nations Decade of Sustainable Energy for All (2014-2024), the confluence of these events presents a unique opportunity to bring the issues of SIDS and SE4All even closer together. Such issues include energy costs, energy security, and climate change. Their renewable energy potential, small size and vulnerability make the issues of renewable energy usage, energy access and efficiency all the more urgent in the context of the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development in SIDS.
Building on the commitments from United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) and the Barbados SIDS High-Level Conference onSE4All, both of which were held in 2012, this side-event will seek to take stock of where we stand two years later – and more importantly, point to where to go from here in order to ensure sustainable energy for all small island developing states.
Welcome by moderator Ms. Elizabeth Thompson, Senior Advisor to the Sustainable Energy for All Initiative and former Minister of Energyand Environment of Barbados.
H. E. Mr. John Ashe, President of the General Assembly
H. E. Mr. Freundel Stuart, Prime Minister of Barbados
H. E. Lord Tuʻivakanō, Prime Minister of Tonga
Key Note: H. E. Mr. Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General
Interactive panel segment
Chair: Helen Clark, Administrator, UNDP
Mr. Adnan Amin, Director-General, International Renewable Energy Agency
Mr. Camillo Gonsalves, Foreign Minister of St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Mr. Salvatore Bernabei, General Manager Enel Green Power Chile and Andean Countries
Ms. Naoko Ishii, CEO and Chairperson of the Global Environment Facility
Mr. Reginald Burke, Caribbean Development Policy Centre
H.E. Mr 'Akao'ulo, Sr Advisor, Tongan Energy Road Map (tbc)
Report from Organizer:UNFPA underlined the significance of population data as a fundamental first step in a people centered development, noting the “power of the people” to find sustainable solutions, to move from crisis to recovery, to support each other and uphold human rights, to be entrepreneurs and agents of change, to drive green and inclusive economic growth and benefits that are widely shared across society. Fifty three SIDS delegates including youth representatives attended the event. Following the event, the following actions were taken:
~set-up an on-line google network of UNFPA SIDSters to facilitate youth exchange between the Caribbean and Pacific sub-regions to share youth driven sustainable development good practices and lessons learned.
~Disseminated widely, press releases and feature articles in PACNEWS and the Samoan Observer on UNFPA investment in youth engagement in sustainable development at community level, and the linkage of population a dynamics with food security.
~Noted the opportunity to enlist at the regional and global level, more advanced countries that are at a more advanced stage of their demographic transition, such as the BRICS, to support the SIDS and LDCs, which are at an earlier stage of this transition in addressing population dynamics and sustainable development issues.
Report from Organizer:With over 50 years of experience protecting animals and communities from disasters, World Animal Protection highlighted the importance of animals to sustainable development in the context of disaster risk reduction (DRR) and resilience; so important with increasing incidence of climate change related disasters and vulnerability of SIDS. Collaboration with Samoan and Fiji Governments at varying levels of response, training and capacity was highlighted as was the importance of breaking the disaster cycle with preparedness and risk reduction. Social and economic research demonstrating important savings, more rapid return to livelihoods and future resilience were presented along with livestock housing resilience innovations in response to Typhoon Haiyan. Approaches for sustainable DRR were discussed in terms of the four pillars of national coordination, policy, legislation, practical protection of ‘productive assets’ such as livestock. And also companion animals. The Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards training, as conducted in the Pacific region, provided notable benefit where Fiji Government reported significant reduction of animal losses in subsequent floods in Fiji. Broadening the value of animals and their welfare with the pending Sustainable Development Goals; topics of food security, sustainable agriculture, healthy oceans and biodiversity raised supportive questions from the audience. UNISDR was in strong attendance and posted on prevention web, noting the pending Hyogo Framework for Action (2) event in March 2015.
However, when left unmonitored, fisheries management plans can easily be violated and EEZs easily depleted of marine resources by unscrupulous actors conducting IUU fishing, undermining the management plans and therefore, the food and economic security of SIDS.
Combatting IUU fishing requires a multifaceted approach that includes implementing both advanced technology-based solutions, policy instruments, and communicating with other coastal states and flag states. This discussion will center on this multifaceted approach to combatting IUU fishing and provide SIDS representatives information on effective, economically efficient ways to help prevent IUU fishing from occurring in their maritime zones.
Report from Organizer:Key messages:
1. Collaboration across countries and regions, especially in the form of information sharing and exchange of technology, is key to ending illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing. The investment in a global reporting mechanism is also viewed as vital to achieve this goal.
2. To combat IUU fishing, SIDS must focus on enhancing their vessels monitoring system (e.g. by providing each ship with automated tracking devices, and making better use of modern visual surveillance and GPS information), and on upgrading national legislation so as to comply with international agreements.
3. Additionally, taking specific measures regarding the supply chain is essential to end IUU fishing. Suppliers and end consumers must be mobilised to require certification and details on origin of fish that is bought. This will help to diminish the governmental burden of controlling the sale of IUU catch at port.
Highlights of SIDS centred partnerships & suggested follow-ups:
1. The “Ending Illegal Fishing” project, conducted by the PEW Charitable Trusts, rests on technology-based solutions, policy instruments, and communication strategies amongst coastal states and flag states. The success of this project relies on the collaboration between PEW and SIDS national and local governments, as well as the fishing industry.
2. The “Shiprider Program”, an agreement between the US Coast Guard and eight Pacific nations, has enabled the use of US vessels are used to patrol Pacific waters. This collaboration has been significantly contributing to the enforcement of fisheries regulation in the region
At the same time, PACE-Net Plus represents an opportunity for Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs) and European Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs) to better address the science, technology and innovation (ST&I) areas that support regional development goals, to reinforce regional research capacities and networks, to better participate in bi-regional ST&I networks of global interest and, finally, to improve the regional cooperation and integration, as encouraged by the Pacific Plan 2005-2014 and recently reaffirmed by the Pacific Forum Leaders through the Framework for Pacific Regionalism.
This session will introduce Horizon 2020 as well as the PACE-Net Plus project (PNPlus), demonstrating the opportunities and benefits for SIDS member countries. In this context, the subject of innovation in developing countries will be presented. The session will conclude with an example of a regional Observatory for Environment (GOPS) and of a multi-lateral Summit (Oceania 21) in the Pacific, that demonstrate the potential regional cooperation benefits from global research activities.
Agenda of the Side Event
7.00 - 7.20 : H2020, the EU Framework Program for Research and Innovation
(Rado Faletic, PNPlus and INCONTACT)
7.20 - 7.40 : PACE-Net Plus for ST&I cooperation, partnerships and biregional dialogue between EU and Pacific. (Jean-Francois Marini - IRD, coordinator of PNPlus)
7.40 - 7:55: Innovation and innovation policies in developing countries in the framework of PNPlus (Ludovico Alcorta - UNIDO)
7:55 - 8:10: The South Pacific Integrated Observatory for Environment and Terrestrial and Marine Biodiversity - GOPS (Bernard Pelletier – IRD, coordinator of GOPS) & 02C3 a new Oceanian Observatory on the Consequences of Climate Change (Victor David – IRD, coordinator of 02C3)
8.10 - 8:30: The Oceania 21 Summit and its recommendations (Anthony Lecren - Member of the Government of New Caledonia).
Report from Organizer:Launched in September 2013, PACE-Net+ includes among the 16 partners of its Consortium the following SIDS: the National University of Samoa (NUS), the University of Papua-New Guinea (UPNG), the Vanuatu Cultural Centre (VKS) and the University of the South Pacific (USP).
With PACE-Net+, coordinated by the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), the European Union, which maintains a long standing relationship with the Pacific, aims to reinforce ST&I cooperation with this region and at promoting the development of mutually beneficial partnerships, notably through Horizon 2020, the EU framework programme for multi-lateral research and innovation (and the largest research funding programme in the world).
In order to better contribute to the EU/Pacific policy dialogue, the project also intends to facilitate the regional integration and cooperation and thus, to contribute to the sustainable development of the region.
By the end of the year 2014, PACE-Net+ will hold various think tanks in Europe and in the Pacific on Non-Communicable Diseases, Food Security, Water & Waste Management, Infectious Diseases, Coastal ecosystems & ciguatera, Mining & its Environment and Climate Change Observation Systems. The project first bi-regional policy dialogue platform will take place in December 2014 in Auckland. The budget of this 3-year project is of 3 m€.
Is there scope for vulnerable countries of any profile to work more actively together to promote shared interests in a new climate regime? What is the common ground across these diverse groups? In responding to climate change at home, can lessons also be drawn from the national policy experiences of other vulnerable groups? Given the promising rise in South-South collaboration and the increasing seriousness of environmental risks, could partnerships between small islands and other categories of affected countries provide an opportunity to better secure the sustainable development of all concerned?
The side event aims to highlight 3 critical areas of SGP’s work on CBA: (i) Strengthening communities' resiliency to CC impacts; (ii) Replication of sustainable ground-level innovations through knowledge sharing with multi-level stakeholders; (iii) Providing clear policy lessons and mainstream into national processes, and (iv) exploring /capitalizing on existing networks/conferences to influence regional/global debates on civil society involvements and roles in managing CC impacts.
Report from Organizer:BACKGROUND
At the 2014 SIDS Conference GEF Small Grants Programme Side Event held 2 September, 50 participants from the three SIDS region and other development partners and agencies joined Charles Nyandiga, SGP GEF Community Based Adaptation Coordinator and moderator, and seven development practitioners and partners to better understand the global picture of local community vulnerability to the impacts of climate change. Communities are vulnerable due to their small land area, susceptibility to natural disasters, geographical isolation, limited natural resources and sensitive ecosystems. The event also provided examples of the practical aspects of GEF Small Grants Programme interventions in assisting local communities to become more resilient and better adapted to the impacts of climate change. Finally, the event showed how an especially vulnerable group – persons with disabilities can be mainstreamed into community level adaptation projects.
Funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) as a corporate programme, SGP is implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on behalf of the GEF partnership, and is executed by the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS).
KEY POINTS FROM STATEMENTS
Following a short film on CBA Activities in the Mauritius Grand Stable Community SIDS CBA Project (A ‘Bright Spot’ Award Finalist), the following key discussion points on durable partnerships and keys for success were made by panelists:
1. Ms. Osnat Lubrani – UNDP Resident Representative, Fiji
• UNDP plays a facilitative role in GEF SGP processes and programming and the SIDS Community Based Adaptation provides a good example of that joint collaboration.
• UNDP also strongly supports the capturing and wide dissemination of SGP project outcomes, lessons learned and best practices so that these results have a better chance of influencing national level policy dialogue.
2. Tusani Reti, High Chief and Project Coordinator for the Savaia Marina Protected Area, Samoa; a highly successful Marine Protected Area (MPA) community project for fish and coral recovery following the tsunami of 2009 and Cyclone Evan (2012). GEF SGP provided support funding of USD 30,000. The project has been sustained for over 10 years.
• For durable partnerships between funding agencies and local communities there needs to be a common concern and an interest between parties to do something all partners consider critical to the survival of those affected and their livelihoods. Second there needs to be agreement by key partners on their respective roles in addressing the issue. Finally benefits from the actions must be widely shared and appreciated by the affected community.
• The Savaia MPA was borne out of the desperation of the village to recover the marine life they depended upon for livelihood following the cyclones in 1990 and 1991. Fortunately, Savaia village is blessed with a strong governing council which was largely responsible for the successful community driven project. The partnership with UNDP GEF SGP was a means of achieving the goal of marine life restoration. This has been achieved.
KEY MESSAGE: It does not require large sums of money to make a very large impact in community adaptation to climate change.
3. Giles Romulus, GEF SGP National Coordinator, St. Lucia, Caribbean Region
• If Culture is the Way of Life of a People, it also includes the way people interact with the environment. What are their “espoused theories” versus their “theories in use?” What are the power issues and how do they play out?
• Culture is a variable in building resilience which is under-studied and has not sufficiently entered into the debate on resilience.
• Key aspects in designing sustainable projects include: understanding the context and the people; initiating a participatory process which is truly transparent; ensuring that monitoring and evaluation processes are designed and implemented; having a sound Information Management and Knowledge Management Framework and process; and focusing on RBM. Other components can include research such as that initiated by the Farmers with Disabilities Beekeeping Association which set out to prove the hypothesis that in climate change, natural apiculture is superior to chemical dependent apiculture.
• Another important aspect is public awareness and education using various strategies and media forms for different target groups.
• New and changing livelihood opportunities with a high probability of success must also be designed, redesigned and implemented.
• Above all, one must understand that SUSTAINABILITY is a multi-dimensional concept which should be understood for each context and that includes the culture.
4. Pamela Bapoo-Dundoo, GEF SGP National Coordinator, Mauritius, AIMS Region
The Mauritius Grand Stable Community SIDS CBA Project (entrepreneurship and coastal restoration) has resulted in more than ten (10) strategic partnerships to empower women, enhance successful implementation and influence policy for upscaling and replication at latter stages. Successful partnerships have been with the following key partner organizations and agencies:
o Adaptation Fund Board, Ministry of Environment & Sustainable Development, provided support for mangrove awareness and training for the community.
o Engagement of research from grantee partners such as the University of Mauritius and Mauritius Research Council provided local women entrepreneurs with specialized training in cultivation techniques for medicinal and vetivr plants and seaweeds as well as a range of other value added products (crafts, food) for sale.
o Education partner (Ministry of Education) allocated time and support for the women to enable them to do mangrove awareness in the schools.
o Currently seeking a partner for craft and jewellery products from invasive wood species.
Besides funding support, GEF SGP played a critical role in supporting the women’s group to overcome challenges such as weak governance and leadership, limited networking capabilities, and a lack of technical capacity. This was done through facilitating training and mentoring opportunities, links for technical assistance support, and providing encouragement through-out the project cycle to build their confidence.
5. Mr. Paul Deany-Disability Rights Fund
• Disability inclusion is important for community adaptation on climate change because PWD’s are not a well understood group and often their “disability” it may not be readily apparent to others. Physical disability is only a very small percent of all disabilities. Yet, in climate change adaptation and resilience, PWD have special needs that need to be addressed in policy dialogue and planning.
• CRPD Article 11 calls upon States Parties to take “all necessary measures to ensure the protection and safety of persons with disabilities in situations of risk, including situations of armed conflict, humanitarian emergencies, and the occurrence of natural disasters.”.
• Practical measures of inclusion require enhanced awareness of PWD needs and requirements for climate change adaptation. Include PWD in consultations and planning for community interventions and seek ways they could effectively participate regardless of the disability.
6. Katarina Atalifo, GEF SGP National Coordinator, Fiji MCO, Pacific Region
• The CBA strategy for Fiji is to reduce vulnerability to water stress and/scarcity of clean water and to strengthen capacity of the water sector institutions and communities to respond to climate change variability and change. The strategy was widely consulted and also reflects a funding niche within which SGP could complement rather than duplicate other national projects and initiatives related to climate adaptation at the community level
• The outcomes of the Fiji SGP CBA activities have been that capacity has been built and water saving measures has now been adopted by target communities such as rainwater harvesting, piloting micro dams, more efficient technologies adopted, and much awareness rising.
7. Anne Rasmussen, Associate Chief Executive Officer for the Global Environment Facility (GEF), Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment (MNRE)
• MNRE as the operational Focal Point for GEF recognizes that Government does not have all the answers for addressing climate change impacts in communities. It actively engages with all sectors and partners to work in an integrated and collaborative way to address environmental concerns. This is particularly true with its engagement with the community and NGO sector which has been integral to MNRE’s environmental and disaster preparedness initiatives.
• MNRE views positively the role of UNDP GEF SGP to provide direct assistance to communities. As the GEF Focal Point, MNRE’s engagement on the National Steering Committee has been to support strengthening GEF SGP assistance to communities.
OTHER Question and Answer Session
1. Question: Is there any example of communities influencing by-laws and local authorities policies?
Answer: There are lots of examples of where local communities in implementing SGP supported projects have influenced by-laws and local authorities’ policies. In the development of marine management plans, local authorities have passed and enforced regulations governing marine protected environments. Another example was where a local authority had an influence on octopus fisheries closure.
2. Question: How is that there is no donor- donor collaboration in these projects?
Answer: The SIDS CBA Progamme is an excellent example of donor-donor collaboration. This is where the Australian Government Community Based Adaptation funding was implemented through GEF SGP. Donors use the “SGP vehicle” to maximize the impact of their funding support.
This side event will be an opportunity to garner both SIDS and development partners to brainstorm elements of designing climate readiness by:
(a) Highlighting the gaps in access to climate finance
(b) Highlighting the gaps in the implementation of the green economy in SIDS
(c) Showcasing aspects of the economy which require strengthened climate resilience in SIDS (ocean, agriculture, infrastructure)
(d) Sharing best practices on addressing the above
(e) Calling for pledges, commitment and support from development partners
Report from Organizer:En collaboration avec le Gouvernement des Seychelles, l’Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) a porté à Samoa une initiative en faveur des petits États insulaires en développement (PEID) sur le thème du « Tourisme durable » comme secteur moteur d’un développement économique soutenable et un levier pour leur intégration efficiente dans la Stratégie économique pour la Francophonie.
Dans le cadre de cette initiative, des problématiques communes ont été identifié dans le secteur touristique des PEID, qui ont par ailleurs soulignés la pertinence d’une initiative en faveur des PEID francophones. Ils ont estimé que cette initiative devrait être poursuivie et inscrite dans la perspective de la Stratégie économique pour la Francophonie qui sera adoptée au Sommet de Dakar de novembre 2014. À cet effet, les Seychelles se sont engagés à porter une résolution et les participants ont chargé l’IFDD d’appuyer le pays pour les éléments de langage nécessaires. La Commission de l’Océan Indien et le Programme des Nations Unies pour l’Environnement, dans le cadre de la mise en œuvre pilote du Programme-cadre décennal sur les modes de consommation et de production durable (10YFP), se disent également favorables à une telle initiative.
The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) has invested a total of USD 476 million in 23 Small Island Developing States (SIDS). This has benefited over 5 million people living in the Indian Ocean, Caribbean and Pacific region. Partnerships with the public and private sector and a people-focused approach have been central to alleviating rural poverty and enhancing food and nutrition security. Along with catalysing increasing financial resources to SIDS, partnerships have ensured the integration of different competences and mind-sets, reinforced efforts towards common objectives and set solid and sustainable basis to policy dialogue and advocacy.
In this side-event IFAD and its co-organisers each will present how they forge partnerships with each other and with rural people to successfully match smallholders and business opportunities, and generate environmentally-friendly win-win solutions for producers, buyers and consumers. Lessons learnt and opportunities for scaling-up will be explored together with the conference participants in an interactive session that lends itself to South-South knowledge sharing. In recognition of a changing development environment and opportunities IFAD will propose its plan for follow up to the Conference and its proposed approach for working in partnership in SIDS.
Report from Organizer:Messages:
1. Investing in sustainable agriculture for smallholders has proved to enhance opportunities for raising incomes, improving well-being and creating sense of ownership and pride while respecting the environment and ensuring the sustainability of production.
2. Traditional knowledge combined with entrepreneurship are key to development of sustainable livelihoods in SIDS.
3. IFAD and its partners have demonstrated results and the ability to enable smallholders to capitalise on arising livelihood opportunities.
IFAD is partnering with the Government of Grenada, for developing and implementing rural development policies focused on rural enterprise development, particularly with youth and women.
IFAD is working with Farmer Cooperatives in Sao Tomé and Principe (CEQAQ 11 and CECAB), as well as the government of Sao Tomé and private sector organic and fair trade companies such as Café Direct, KAOKA and GEPA. The PAPAFPA project is going to be scaled up through the newly designed investment project, planned to be approved by the Executive Board in September 2014.
IFAD is working with SPC, POETCOM and rural communities across the Pacific supporting organic agriculture and participatory Guarantee schemes.
During the side event IFAD launched its renewed approach in small island developing states. This focuses on i) sustainable fisheries and aquaculture, ii) smallholder farming, iii) environment and climate change. IFAD announced also a USD 3 million grant for adaptation to climate change (ASAP grant) to be planned for 2015. IFAD will strengthen existing and establish new public-private producer partnerships, provide additional investment and financing, enhance multi-country programming and increasingly provide technical assistance.
This event will highlight recent experiences of working in partnership with Pacific Island Meteorological agencies- how their oceans, climate and weather information services have developed over time and how they have helped to build practical applications for decision making by governments and to benefit communities.
A senior Australian Government representative and members of Pacific Island Meteorological agencies will highlight, using audio-visual material, Pacific participation in these programs and processes.
Report from Organizer:Australia’s official side event An Ocean Journey: From Data to Action was held at the Small Islands Developing States (SIDS) Conference on Tuesday 2 September, 11:00am - 12:30pm, in Apia, Samoa.
The acquisition of accurate data underpins sustainable economic development. Australia’s Parliamentary Secretary for Foreign Affairs, Senator the Hon. Brett Mason, outlined how a range of Australian-funded programs assist regional decision-makers in key sectors such as meteorology, fisheries and oceans. Partnerships with key regional organisations including the Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA), the Secretariat of the Pacific Commission (SPC) and the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) are critical.
Pacific Meteorological officers, Mr Sunny Seuseu from Samoa and Mr Ueneta Toorua from Kiribati, presented on how the Climate and Oceans Support Program in the Pacific (COSPPac) is working with Pacific Island meteorological agencies.
The side event also showcased the Pacific Adventures of the Climate Crab (an animated DVD on climate issues) and Sea Level Monitoring in the Pacific DVD.
COSPPac is a $32 million regional aid program running from 2012–2016, funded by the Australian Government and implemented by the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BoM) in partnership with 14 national meteorological services (NMSs) of Pacific countries and regional organisations.
Climate data and information is the heartbeat of national meteorological services. It enables countries to make sound decisions relating to economic development and the well-being of citizens. It underpins accurate seasonal forecasting in key sectors. For example information concerning:
› tides and sea levels maximises the efficiency of shipping services and other ocean-based economic activities, such as fisheries, coastal infrastructure and maintenance. It also enables communities to make decisions relating to safety and access to natural food and other resources
› seasonal climate outlooks influences the quality of planning and responses in agriculture, energy and water supply, as well as tourism, industry, transport and event management
› droughts or risks of flooding enables communities, businesses and governments to prepare for and minimise damage to infrastructure and loss of life
› extreme weather events helps reduce the incidence of vector and water borne diseases such as malaria and dengue, and reduce costs to the health system
› traditional knowledge helps communities to determine reliability of forecasts and plan accordingly.
For more information visit: http://www.dfat.gov.au/ or http://ministers.dfat.gov.au/mason/speeches/Pages/2014/bm_sp_140902.aspx.
The Government of Vanuatu (GoV) values the area of climate change and disaster risk reduction information management, which in Vanuatu is managed at the national level by the National Advisory Board on Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction (NAB).
The NAB is currently involved in a range of large local, provincial, national and international climate change and disaster risk management projects, which include strong information management components. Moving forward, the NAB wants greater collaboration among SIDS member countries on strategies for sharing climate change and disaster risk reduction data and information.
Report from Organizer:Three Key messages
1. The ability to securely store, discover, access and use climate change data and information is essential for governments, communities and other actors to undertake effective adaptation and resilience planning. The side event demonstrated the advances being made to meet the emerging data and information management needs of the region’s sustainable development community and pointed to further advances in e-infrastructure - including a more collaborative data sharing approach - needed in the coming years.
2. An overview was provided of the Pacific Climate Change Portal being developed by SPREP and the national climate information portals being developed by the Governments of Fiji, Tonga and Vanuatu, with funding from GIZ. Additional funding from Australian Aid through the Pacific iCLIM project is helping to advance a regional approach to climate change data and information management, enhancing the accessibility of key data and information across multiple platforms and jurisdictions.
3. The technical approach being implemented by regional and national portals, supported by the Pacific iCLIM initiative, is widely applicable to all SIDS. Polices are need that recognize and support the key role of data and information management for climate change adaptation planning and sustainable development and provide the necessary technical resources.
Report from Organizer:Three key messages on progress made in implementation of sustainable development;
-Greater efforts need to be made in SIDS to encourage young people to pursue careers in the sciences particularly to address priority island issues such as water, waste management, youth unemployment, climate change, degradation of biodiversity, sustainable use of energy
-Science education and the popularization of science in SIDS are important mechanisms to encourage young people and society to invest in science
-Improved teacher training in the sciences plays an important role in ensuring quality education in SIDS
-Strengthened STI policies in SIDS can facilitate improved connections between market demands and knowledge production, skills training and labour mobility, and thus ensure job and entrepreneurial opportunities at home for young SIDS scientists and reduce brain drain.
-Greater efforts should be made to include indigenous knowledge and local resources in finding solutions that address the challenges faced by SIDS
Highlights of newly launched or existing SIDS-centered partnerships for sustainable development and suggested follow-ups;
Voluntary commitments, if any, including financial commitments.
-UNESCO will be preparing an action plan to follow up on the outcomes of the SIDS conference and the recommendations of the panel will be incorporated where applicable.
The Pacific Islands Forum Leaders in 2009 agreed to the (Cairns) Forum Compact on Strengthening Development Coordination in the Pacific to lift the sustainable development performance of the region. Development Coordination is the way in which governments set national priorities, allocate and deliver domestic and external resources (in collaboration with development partners) through strong national planning, budgeting, public financial and aid management systems. Effective coordination of development resources by Pacific Countries requires strong government leadership, institutions and policies; inclusive and mutually accountable national development partnerships and supportive development partners.
The 12 critical areas identified in the BPfA are all related to sustainable development. Advancing gender equality and women’s empowerment are central to progress in this area, yet women and girls, including in SIDS, continue to be discriminated against and face barriers which limit their full and equal participation and contribution to the sustainable development.
A commitment to durable partnerships to advance the rights of women and girls and their empowerment in the SIDS is a lasting contribution to the implementation of the BPfA beyond 2015.
Co-hosts: UNESCAP, PIDF and SPREP
The event will provide a platform for sharing inspiring practices and lessons learned from various SIDS in their transition to a greener economy. It will also discuss elements of a SIDS’ specific green economy methodology and highlight available partnerships that can support SIDS in this area.
President of Kiribati, Environment Minister of Barbados, Executive Chairman of MID Mauritius, Executive Direct of UNEP and Executive Secretary of UNESCAP are invited to share their experiences and opinion.
Report from Organizer:This side event highlights the fact that Green Economy is a key instrument for SIDS to enhance policy-making, eradicate poverty and achieve their sustainable development goals. Although SIDS are making considerable efforts in building resilient societies and economies with a view to achieve sustained, inclusive and equitable growth, they are nevertheless faced with numerous challenges due to their small size, limited resources and remoteness.
Emphasis was laid on the role of green economy policies in promoting and complementing sustainable consumption and production. It was also pointed out that notwithstanding the various benefits of Green Economy, there should be no conditionality or barriers attached to that new paradigm to allow its full implementation.
The case of Mauritius was illustrated through the different initiatives and experiences undertaken to promote our way towards an inclusive Green Economy as a model of sustainable development and poverty reduction. The crucial role of collaborative partnership at the national, regional and international levels in Green Economy was also highlighted. Initiatives such as PAGE and support of UNEP in assisting Mauritius to formulate its Green Economy Action Plan and the Switch Africa Green project to enhance SCP implementation were elaborated. These examples clearly show that to achieve to Green Economy in SIDS, there is a need to enhance partnership with other International and Bilateral partners so as to support the implementation of their Green Economy Action Plan.
• Many SIDS are global leaders on transition to green economy. SIDS have reflected greening of economy not only into national and sectoral policies but also action. For example, investment in renewable energy has allowed Barbados to scale back the USD800mn yearly investment in fossil fuels. Policies for ecosystem restoration and protection, such as the Phoenix Islands Protected Area in Kiribati, are providing inspiration and bringing benefits for tourism and fisheries.
• SIDS are environment based economies and understand the vital role that nature plays and the opportunities it presents for sustainable development. Investment in nature, including in ecosystems and coastal resilience, may seem to some countries like a sacrifice, but for SIDS it is a necessity to ensure sustainability.
• Examples of solutions for blue-green economies exist. This allows for technological leapfrogging to green industries generating green jobs, and green technologies bringing economic, social and environmental benefits.
• The Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE), joint initiative by UNEP, ILO, UNIDO, UNDP and UNITAR, provides assistance to countries seeking to develop and implement inclusive green economy strategies.
• The Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) for SIDS initiative, under the global 10YFP, intends to expedite the implementation of SCP projects.
Report from Organizer:Given the complexity of the environment within which SIDS operate, if they are to achieve their development goals, they will need to determine appropriate policies for resilience-building and embed these policies into their national plans and strategies. The work is multifaceted and complex and data gaps have stymied progress
To this end, the Commonwealth and UN DESA have worked to develop robust frameworks for building the resilience of SIDS and will be working with them to apply these frameworks in the coming year. The Commonwealth’s most recent efforts are captured in a newly released book entitled “Building the resilience of small states”. This is an important milestone in advancing resilience frameworks and will certainly be complementary to DESA’s ongoing work on Vulnerability-Resilience Profile (VRP).
The discussions focused:
• Fundamental role of data and statistics and human capacity building, including to help promote science-policy interface and to reflect local and traditional knowledge,
• Mainstreaming resilience building in national policy and planning in SIDS as each country pursue its own priorities and continue to address vulnerabilities.
Advancing the resilience framework further will require the combined efforts of development partners and SIDS themselves. The Commonwealth and UN DESA are committed to working together to further improve the vulnerability resilience framework to not only improve development outcomes for SIDS from their national effort but also provide a basis for the international community to direct support to SIDS.
Report from Organizer:ITU’s High-level event included Head of States, Prime Ministers and Ministers of ICTs from the SIDS regions as well as other High-level profiles. Ms. Helen Clark, Administrator UNDP moderate and underlined the global trends in ICTs and broadband. She touched upon many issues such as the digital divide that disempowers and sets back people, opportunities in using broadband, remote teaching, early warning systems, e-governance, and connectivity. Key questions included how broadband connect ivy can help the SIDS, challenges and success stories related to ICT and broadband. The session discussed the limitation to the use of ICT Broadband in achieving sustainable development in SIDS and the opportunities and challenges of knowledge sharing.
Mr. Brahima Sanou, Director of the ITU Development Bureau, represented the SG of ITU noted that broadband is key to progress in all countries and has already became a critical national infrastructure like transport, water and other public utilities. The ITU and some SIDS committed themselves to leveraging ICTs and broadband through concrete actions and genuine and effective partnerships to ensure tangible results. It highlighted the need for partnerships, develop and implement projects for connectivity with the goal of increasing the capacity of SIDS and creating self-sufficient, sustainable ICTs.
Report from Organizer:This side event brought together representatives from across the three SIDS regions to share respective experiences and priorities in fisheries. Issues covered during this interactive dialogue were wide ranging - covering management and development of tuna as well as coastal fisheries and aquaculture opportunities. All panellists acknowledged the importance of good data for making informed decisions in fisheries. Remarks highlighted progress SIDS are making in implementing sustainable economic development from fisheries resources;
· Jean-Paul Adam, Foreign Minister for the Republic of the Seychelles, shared the Seychelles’ focus on generating greater value from fisheries. Minister Adam emphasised the need to situate fisheries, and the economic opportunity presented, within a broader economic context in SIDS. The success of local artisanal fisherman in the Seychelles who, through partnering with hoteliers, were able to supply fresh fish for the tourist market at a higher price than for export, was seen as a good way forward.
· Mr James Movick, Director General Forum Fisheries Agency, stressed that zonal rights based management is the fundamental basis for success in Pacific fisheries, with coastal states exerting greater control within their zones over conservation, management and returns received from tuna. Mr Movick raised the Parties to the Nauru Agreement’s Vessel Day Scheme as a prime example in the Pacific. Mr Movick highlighted the success of Pacific Island countries in more than doubling their returns from fishing in their Exclusive Economic Zones in recent years.
· Mr Milton Haughton, Executive Director Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism, noted the highly integrated nature of fisheries and the progress of the Caribbean region in working together. Mr Haughton highlighted a number of priorities including focusing on aquaculture, continuing to strengthen management systems, and improving trade competitiveness.
Panellists raised the need for partnerships at multiple levels in managing and developing fisheries resources; with communities, with industry broadly, with other SIDS to share experiences, as well as more constructive partnerships between resource owners and distant water fleets.
Addressing fishing related subsidies, in light of the significant impact of subsidies on SIDS’ domestic fleets and their ability to compete, remains important.
Islands have inspired solutions. They have made visionary commitments and are leaders of partnerships that are creating change. This event will bring together leaders of island bright spots into a world café style discuss to share successes and lessons in creating a sustainable future for our island Earth.
Participants will have opportunity to join two table discussions of their own choice focused on:
•Food security & invasive species
•Oceans & voyaging
•Leadership in blue/green growth
•Sustainable island communities
This event will be followed by an informal discussion at the different venue.
Email email@example.com for details
Event supporters: European Union through the Indian Ocean Commission ISLANDS Project, Micronesia Conservation Trust, The Nature Conservancy, UNDP Small Grants Programme, Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Association for Promotion of International Cooperation, Agenda to Action.
Report from Organizer:This event engaged more than 60 delegates from Ministers to community representatives in participatory exchanges of island solutions in leadership that are contributing to building resilient and sustainable island communities through innovative partnerships.
Participants joined small groups to share new and emerging island bright spots, identify success factors as well as leaders behind the bright spots. A selection of the Bright Spots shared around priority themes: food security & invasive species, oceans & voyaging, leadership in blue/green growth, innovative financing and sustainable island communities.
•Watch Oiwi TV Coverage
•Island Bright Spots in Conservation and Sustainability Booklet
Waste management challenges include limited formal waste collection, insufficient volumes of waste streams such as plastics to attract recycling industries, as well as proneness to disasters in certain regions, further increasing the likelihood of waste ending up in the ocean and becoming marine litter. Once in the ocean, recovery is very costly and many times futile.
The side event will present good practices and initiatives of SIDS, such as Samoa, to reduce and manage the influx of waste into the marine environment from land-based and sea-based sources, It will showcase solutions and ongoing activities of the Global Partnership on Marine Litter, and will prepare recommendations for the way forward.
This side event will bring together representatives from the Caribbean, Indian Ocean and Pacific – as well as representatives from international organisations – to look at the many opportunities and challenges which face small island developing states in their efforts to finance sustainable development, as well as explore different countries’ experiences. It will also ask how some of the challenges identified can be overcome.
The International Trade Centre (ITC), the Government of Samoa and other stakeholders will shed light on actions taken to increase incomes and impact poverty in the SIDS by linking women to global value chains. Examples of such initiatives include efforts to increase sourcing from women in Samoa through government procurement, and improving the capacities of bilum weavers in Papua New Guinea in partnership with leading fashion designers.
Report from Organizer:A Women’s economic empowerment was at the centre of attention at a side-event organized by the International Trade Centre (ITC) and the Government of Samoa at the Third UN Conference on Small Island Developing States on 2 September 2014 at the Faleata Sports Complex in Samoa.
The event, which took the form of a cocktail reception, drew a large number of participants including small, medium enterprises from SIDS and also coincided with the launch of ITC’s ‘Economic Empowerment of Women in the Pacific’ project, which covers Papua New Guinea, Samoa and Vanuatu. In the three countries, the aim is to build women’s capacity to capitalize on opportunities in formal markets and increase the economic benefits for women in the Pacific region. Ensuring greater participation by Pacific women in trade will benefit their families and communities in the three countries.
Samoa’s Deputy Prime Minister, Fonotoe Nuafesili Pierre Lauofo during his welcoming statement, pointed to the important role played by Samoan women, adding that more needs to be done to empower them. ‘It is important to acknowledge women’s immense contribution to development,’ he said. ‘Samoa is also grateful to be included in the launch of ITC’s Pacific project as it will help us improve and advance the output of our producers, and enhance existing systems.’
ITC’s Executive Director Arancha González drew attention to economic gains countries can make by including women in trade. ‘At ITC we are extremely passionate about women’s economic empowerment. Not just because it is fair, not just because it is right, but because it makes a lot of economic sense,’ she said. ‘Women re-invest 90% of their income in their communities and families: that is a powerful vehicle for development.’
She said that ITC would be investing into labelling, packaging, and branding to help women access markets across the Pacific. In Samoa, support will be provided to help the government in its public procurement exercise; in Papua New Guinea, the focus will be on helping women bilumweavers connect to international markets, while in Vanuatu, smallholders will be connected to the tourism industry.
The Secretary-General of the World Tourism Organization, TalebRifai, highlighted that tourism has become a fundamental vehicle for promoting sustainable economic growth and women’s economic empowerment. He said that the role of tourism sometimes escapes our attention.
‘One out of 11 jobs around the world is in tourism, and every year 1.8 billion tourists cross borders, generating US$ 1.4 trillion,’ said Mr Rifai. ‘We have to make sure this works for the best of the people, and especially in the SIDS where more than 40% of GDP is based on tourism.’
It was a view shared by Elizabeth Wilde, Assistant Secretary of the Pacific Regional Branch, at Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. ‘Women in the Pacific make an important contribution to the economies of their countries,’ said Ms. Wilde. She cited the case of the Solomon Islands where women are responsible for 90% of the income in the tourism sector.
‘Australia is funding women’s economic empowerment projects across the Pacific. We are extremely pleased to be working with ITC in this effort,’ she added.
Women in Business in Samoa is a classic example of women empowerment and Ms AdimaimalagaTafunai, Executive Director, explained how through the concept of value chain has enabled them to supply and sustain the needs of their potential clients including the Body Shop. Women in Business acknowledge the ongoing support of the Government of Samoa and its donor partnersinits programs with the rural communities.
The Deputy Secretary-General of the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, Andie Fong Toy, stressed that much more needs to be done to empower women across the Pacific.
‘Despite big efforts, progress in women’s economic empowerment is rather slow in the Pacific,’ said Ms Fong Toy. She highlighted the lack of access to finance and ownership as one of the reasons for this slowness. ‘More resources need to be allocated at the national and regional levels to support the inclusion of women and their economic empowerment,’ she stated.
In addition to the launch of the women and trade project within the Pacific region, the International Trade Centre (ITC) strengthen its collaboration with the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (PIFS) and the National University of Samoa by signing two agreements with the two partner institutions on the sidelines of the Third International Conference on Small Island Developing States in Apia, Samoa
ITC Executive Director Arancha González and PIFS Secretary-General, TuilomaNeroni Slade, signed a Memorandum of Understanding to establish a framework for co-operation between the PIFS and ITC aimed at boosting sustainable socio-economic development through increased competitiveness and exports. A particular focus of the agreement is to enhance the economic empowerment of women in the Pacific, as well as to improve the business environment for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the region.
A Letter of Intent was also signed between ITC and PIFS to operationalize the framework of co-operation between the two organizations.
Separately, ITC signed an agreement with the University of Samoa, granting the university a license to train government officials and women entrepreneurs in ITC Modular Learning System (MLS) in Supply Chain Management under this project. The agreement was inked at a meeting in the SIDS Village between Ms. González and Professor FuiLe’apaiAsofouSo’o, Vice-Chancellor and President of the University of Samoa.
Report from Organizer:SIDS DOCK (www.sidsdock.org) is an initiative among member countries of the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) to SIDS with a collective institutional mechanism to assist them transform their national energy sectors into a catalyst for sustainable economic development and help generate financial resources to address adaptation to climate change. SIDS DOCK development is being jointly coordinated by the Caribbean Community Climate Change Center (5Cs) and the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), with oversight from a Steering Committee comprised primarily of AOSIS Ambassadors to the United Nations and technical experts.
The SIDS DOCK – UNIDO Partnership event featured the launch of a network of regional sustainable energy centers for SIDS in Africa, the Pacific, Caribbean and the Indian Ocean. The south-south multi-stakeholder partnership is coordinated by SIDS DOCK and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) with financial support of the Governments of Austria and Spain. “The technical centers will support SIDS DOCK and regional organizations in the implementation of the SE4ALL targets, the SIDS DOCK 25-50-25 Goal and the USD 1.6 billion SIDS DOCK indicative project pipeline.
The south-south network of centers responds to the urgent need for enhanced regional capacities to promote sustainable energy markets and industries in SIDS. The regional centers will up-scale national efforts in the areas of policy implementation, capacity building, knowledge and technology transfer, as well as investment and business promotion. The centers will help to empower the local private sector and industry to benefit from sustainable energy investments and job opportunities. They will contribute to better coordination, donor harmonization and the assurance of long-term sustainability of project interventions.
Report from Organizer:•The high-level panel discussion involved the President of Kiribati, the Prime Ministers of Cabo Verde, Tuvalu and Vanuatu, the Deputy Prime Minister of Samoa, and a Minister from Maldives. All panelists recognized that the idea of graduating from LDC status was something they and their people generally looked forward to. However, while the quest for durable economic and social progress, as expected, was palpable, there were equally strong views about the necessary conditions, for most SIDS, to achieve such progress.
•There was a clear convergence of views, among SIDS leaders, on the fact that the question of graduation from LDC status is likely to remain a source of irritation among relevant countries (least developed SIDS) until there is clarity on whether and how the international community is prepared to help SIDS try to overcome the unique disadvantages they suffer from: why shouldn’t graduating SIDS be able to rely on SIDS-specific international support measures once they have lost the LDC benefits that previously answered their intrinsic disadvantages? The general feeling was that the recent debate, in the UN, on securing a «smooth transition» to post-LDC life brought no answer to («deliberately circumvented») the paramount question of SIDS treatment, as it focused on modalities for possible extension of LDC concessions instead of paving the way for answers to SIDS-specific needs.
•There was a consensus, among panelists, on the need for «a new start» in the United Nations agenda for SIDS, a need for «systemic progress». The SIDS leaders generally took the view that the UN system should be able to act upon the quest for SIDS status, and one panelist requested the organizers of the side event to be prepared to act on the request for systemic change. The Secretary-General of UNCTAD, in his closing remarks, indicated UNCTAD’s long-standing commitment to support the plea for SIDS status, and the organization’s readiness to help make the SAMOA Pathway a pathway to trustworthiness in «addressing the vulnerabilities of SIDS more effectively», in accordance with recent calls by the General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council.
Report from Organizer:In terms of provision of safe drinking water, SIDS specific approaches such as an integrated water resources management approach can be economically feasible and viable in the face of dispersed and small island communities. Such approaches also results in environmental benefits in terms of conservation of water and allowing water aquifers to recharge. The provision of safe drinking water is also related to social well being and improving human health. As such, innovative approaches that are specific to the SIDS context are important in substantively realizing sustainable development in SIDS.
The I-20 Conference theme of “Special Conference on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States through Genuine and Durable Partnerships” will be organised around four panels: 1. Identifying the impact of G-20 energy policy and its implications for small islands. 2. Some Cultural Constraints on Energy Security and Environmental Sustainability for Small Islands.3. Sustainable Development and Protection of Island Marine Environment. Sustainable Green Growth and Travelism of Islands.
Report from Organizer:Highlights:
1. Identifying the impact of G-20 energy policy and its implications for small islands, 2. Economic Efficiency of Climate Change and Energy Policy for Small Islands, 3. Some issues of environmental sustainability and educational resilience for small islands by small islands.
Newly Launched SIDS-centered partnership:
An Islands-20 Initiative for the Sustainable Development of SIDS from 11th to 14th of March, 2015 at Jeju Island of South Korea between invited 10 SIDS and 10 Island Provinces of G-20 from Government, Industry and International Organisations and annual report publication of Peace Island Report on possibilities, prospects, potentials of sustainable development of I-20.
Application to Policy-Oriented Grant Program of Korean Foundation of South Korea, 100,000 USD and Sustainable Regional Development Fund of Jeju Government of South Korea, 300,000 USD for I-20 in March of 2015.
Report from Organizer:The televised panel discussion was facilitated by Mr David Eades, from BBC World, and will be provided as a 25-minute TV package to broadcasters throughout the Pacific and other SIDS regions. It included the following panellists:
• President of Kiribati, His Excellency Anote Tong
• State Secretary of the Government of Norway, Mr Hanns Brattskar
• Deputy Secretary General of the World Meteorological Organisation, Mr Jeremiah Lengoasa
• Director General of the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Program, Mr David Sheppard
• Minister for Natural Resources and Environment of the Government of Samoa, Hon. FaamoetauloaLealioutoto Taito Dr.FaaleTumaalii
• Minister of Finance of the Giovernment of Tonga, Hon. ‘Aisake Valu Eke
The panellists highlighted the following aspects:
1) Weather and climate services provide the critical information needed to prepare for hydro-meteorological hazards. National Hydrological and Meteorological Services (NMHSs) are instrumental for the production and delivery of these services.
2) Governments need to enhance the capacities of their own National Hydrological and Meteorological Services (NMHSs) but also of those across the region and globally to be better prepared for hydro-meteorological events especially in light that these events are increasing in frequency and strengths. The World Meteorological Organization works as a facilitator in bringing together willing collaboratorsin governments and in NMHSs as was highlighted by the generous support by both Norway and Finland on institutional and technical support respectively.
3) Weather and climate forecasts and predictions need to move away from technical messages, such as amounts of rainfall or wind speeds, but rather be delivered as impacts (e.g. wind speed of x translates to banana trees falling over). Global standards for impact based forecasting are currently under development by the WMO.
There is a misconception inherent in climate change discussions that refers to climate change as something that will happen sometime in the future. The reality for the low-lying atoll nations like Tuvalu, Kiribati, Marshall Islands and the Maldives who are at the frontline of climate change is that climate change is happening NOW.
The chances of SIDS requiring international assistance in the aftermath of an international disaster is very high, they are small, isolated states, susceptible to climate change, sea level rise and natural and environmental disasters and with limited capacities. Managing such assistance can be extremely challenging. Unintentional red tape can tie aid efforts in knots, with urgently needed goods stuck behind “business as usual” procedures. On the other hand, gaps in national oversight over international efforts in the chaotic atmosphere after a disaster can result in poor quality, poor coordination and poor accountability. Often, we see both types of problem in the same operation.
Report from Organizer:SIDS are disproportionately affected by natural disasters. While there are many initiatives in resilience and preparedness, what is often overlooked is the area of legal preparedness. Without the appropriate legal instruments to deal with disaster response, authorities can be overwhelmed by relief operations and vital aid can be delayed from reaching the vulnerable people who need it most. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) supports governments to strengthen their laws and procedures for international relief to avoid these problems. The Guidelines for the Domestic Facilitation and Regulation of International Disaster Relief and Initial Recovery Assistance (“IDRL Guidelines”) are a set of globally-agreed recommendations to help states address common regulatory barriers to international assistance in advance.
Specific issues in SIDS, discussed at the side event, included, inter alia, the problem of unsolicited goods and inappropriate aid, the valuable role of the Red Cross, the need for coordination between international actors, and the need for international actors to respect national government lead in disaster response. These needs are beginning to be addressed through technical legal reviews in SIDS countries and recognition of the issue by international and regional bodies such as the Association of Caribbean States and the Pacific Islands Forum. It was decided that the IFRC and relevant stakeholders would continue to dialogue, share best practice examples and coordinate efforts to assist governments to strengthen their laws and procedures for international disaster relief.
Report from Organizer:1. Mobility partnerships are key to obtaining sustainable development in SIDS.
2. Fostering skills and competencies of diaspora members leverages development in SIDS, like Samoa and Tonga under the Recognised Seasonal Employer scheme of New Zealand.
3. Preparedness and disaster risk reduction is key to ensure sustainable development in the context of disasters and environmental and climate change.
- Circular labour mobility schemes, like New Zealand’s Recognised Seasonal Employer (RSE) programme, can promote sustainable development of migrants and their origin communities. Other labour migration initiatives need to be identified given the demographic pressures expected in the Pacific SIDS in the next decades.
- The joint UN ESCAP, ILO and UNDP Pacific Climate Change and Mobility Project is fostering regional knowledge, national institution building in Kiribati, Nauru and Tuvalu and a regional strategy on migration and the environment to speak with one voice.
- In partnership with 6 research institutions and 4 SIDS countries (Haiti, Dominican Republic, Mauritius and Papua New Guinea), IOM recently launched an innovative research project called “Migration, environment and climate change: Evidence for policy” (MECLEP). MECLEP will draw on new evidence collected through large surveys to study how migration, displacement and planned relocation can benefit and pose challenges for adaptation to environmental and climate change. This is in line with calls for an increased understanding of those links in the framework of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
The Artibonite Binational Project is an important experience for Sustainable Management and Promotion of Sustainable Development from transboundary natural resources worthy of being released to the world. In this matter, SAMOA 2014 is the ideal space to exhibit this experience, which contributes to the fulfillment of the Mauritius Strategy and the Barbados Plan of Action.
Report from Organizer:The event was filled to its maximum by SIDS Member States listening to the informative presentations by Ministers, Regional Organisations implementation reports.
The Side Event Recommends and supports action to
• Promote cultural diversity, intercultural dialogue and international cooperation and partnerships in the cultural field particularly through strengthening SIDS Net joint collaborative activities between the three regions.
• Progress the development of cultural policy of SIDS Sustainable development at national and regional levels noting the advances made in the SIDS regional frameworks and model laws.
• Increase the number of SIDS state parties to the UNESCO Conventions on Culture and under water cultural heritage, noting the progress and increase in World Heritage Sites, ICH elements, Inscriptions of Documentary Heritage in the SIDS region post Mauritius.
• Strengthen SIDS capacity building and awareness-raising, encouraging youth and community participation through the establishment of knowledge management centres model as at the Pacific Heritage Hub, University of the South Pacific for increased between collaboration between the regions.
• Support the ongoing efforts of the international community to fully integrate the comprehensive role of culture in the post 2015 agenda, as an enabler and a driver of sustainable development.
• Promote SIDS WH paper 38.
Report from Organizer:•Three key messages on progress made in implementation of sustainable development;
The Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change (PACC) program has improved the capacity of 14 Pacific island communities to meet their sustainable development goals through enhanced adaptive capacity to the adverse impacts of climate change.
1. Addressing economic development through climate-proofing of the Mangaia harbour in Cook Islands for example resulted in increases in exchange of basic goods and services between the outer island and the main island of Rarotonga, enhancing the economic gain of the people of Mangaia.
2. The people of Niue have enhanced their ability to adapt to drought periods brought on by climate change. Through the PACC and GCCA:PSIS partnership program, the water harvesting system has addressed the social needs of the people through improved hygiene and sanitation, food security through gardening and intensive agriculture, and better access to potable water.
3. The PACC program has , through its integrated ecosystem based approach, maximised production of food through intensive and environmentally-friendly agriculture practices (organic, atoll permaculture, solar-dried food technology, agro-forestry and resilient-crops) and smart climate-sensitive technology (drainage network systems for low-lying water-logged communities). The benefits to the farmers, fishers and communities mean benefits to the environment through less disruption to ecological systems and natural habitat.
• Highlights of newly launched or existing SIDS-centred partnerships for sustainable development and suggested follow-ups
1. The PACC is a SIDS-centred partnership arrangement that consists of 14 member Pacific Island Countries and Territory, SPREP as the regional focal point, UNDP as the executing agency, and GEF and Government of Australia as development partners. It is the largest adaptation initiative in the Pacific region, has enhanced adaptive capacity within all 14 Pacific SIDS in three key climate-sensitive development sectors. Namely coastal, water, and food security & food production;
2. The transfer of knowledge, tools, technology and best practices from the PACC project has been successful both at the national and regional levels and is encouraged;
3. The importance of incorporating gender perspective into climate change programs. This include acknowledging the benefits of people living with disabilities - in climate change adaptation activities and measures.
4. The importance of climate information to inform designs of adaptation solutions that also have benefits to disaster risk reduction programs of Pacific island communities.
5. The ongoing partnership and networking at all levels to provide support and assistance to SIDS members
Voluntary commitments, if any, including financial commitments.
Through the PACC program, the Cook Islands government have committed to climate proofing all future infrastructure development. The commitment is further reflected in the Cook Islands National Infrastructure Investment Plan 2014-2024. A Coastal Management Policy Framework has been developed for the remote island of Mangaia. A coastal management policy that will follow, with climate change incorporated will mean that the central government are obliged to provide for and support the people of Mangaia in protection and management of Mangaia's natural resources from ridge to reef. This partnership support with the remote island ensures climate resilient development practices and principles are in place.
The Cook Islands Government is also committed to climate-resilient development through the Joint National Action Plan for Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction.
The Government of Niue is further committed to sustainable development. It's partnership between the PACC and the EU GCCA:PSIS program is a genuine partnership that sees collaboration of different development partners to one cause - enhancing the adaptive capacity of Niue in its water development sector.
In Aruba, economic development is advancing at a pace that is often more stable than in other island states, driven mostly by a strong tourism and hospitality industry. However, in order to fuel this growth, Aruba must import ever-larger amounts of costly fuel and other resources each year primarily for the production of water and electricity —damaging its environment and ultimately eroding sustainable development.
This side event will address the challenge that most of the SIDS all over the world face today: the continued pursuit of a low-carbon growth pathway that reduces fossil fuel use to the support of a healthy, prosperous, and secure future. Aruba addresses this challenge with a highly ambitious plan to obtain by 2020, 100% of its energy need from renewable sources, increasing its social, environmental and economic resilience through the efficient use of natural resources and implementation of projects that will also create and sustain high-quality local jobs for current and future generations. At this side event, ‘the Aruba model’ will be presented by the main actors involved on a political and technical level.
Report from Organizer:The objective of this side event was to discuss the potential for labour mobility in the Pacific for relieving unemployment and providing a conduit for Pacific Islanders to acquire skills, training and capital to promote local economic development in their communities. The expert panel, recognising the constraints in Pacific Island countries which impact on economic and social development, discussed reforms that are required to: spread the benefits from temporary migration more widely across countries and occupations in the Pacific; improve the economic and social returns from remittances; and ensure all migrant workers receive equal treatment and opportunity in conformity with the appropriate international labour standards. One of the concerns expressed during the discussion dealt with the risks which households, where a family member participates in the seasonal worker program, suffer from. In response, the ILO and UNICEF agreed at the outcome of the side event, to explore collaboration in providing support to these left behind families, including through targeted pre-departure training and support. Likewise, it was agreed that there is scope for collaboration to ensure that all seasonal workers receive pre-departure materials to make them aware of their rights when they migrate.
Co-Chairs: Mr. Hiroshi Terashima Executive Director, Ocean Policy Research Foundation (OPRF) and Prof. Richard
Kenchington, Visiting Professional Fellow, Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security (ANCORS)
Mr. Hiroshi Terashima (OPRF)
• Mr. Joji Miyamori, Senior Deputy Director, Global Environment Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan
• H.E. Mr. Tommy Remengesau, Jr., President, Republic of Palau
• Representative, Government of Pacific island country
◆Thematic presentation on the recommendation for sustainable development of SIDS
• Prof. Paul Kench, Head, School of Environment, University of Auckland
• Prof. Richard Kenchington, (ANCORS)
• Ms. Alison Swaddling, Environment Advisor, Deep Sea Minerals (DSM) Project, Secretariat of the Pacific
• Mr. Masanori Kobayashi, Research Fellow, OPG, OPRF
• Dr. Keita Furukawa, Deputy Director, Ocean Policy Group, OPRF
◆Proposal for the establishment of an international collaborative network “Islands and Oceans Net”
• Mr. Hiroshi Terashima (OPRF)
• Prof. Rajesh Chandra, Vice-Chancellor and President, University of the South Pacific (USP)
• Mr. Warren Lee Long, Coastal and Marine Adviser, Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)
• Other stakeholders
◆Wrap-up and Adoption of the Declaration
Report from Organizer:At the side event, Mr. Hiroshi Terashima, Executive Director, OPRF underlined a need to promote multi-stakeholder dialogues and partnership. H.E. Mr. Tommy Remengesau, Jr., President, Republic of Palau called for enhanced partnership to support SIDS based on their needs and conditions. Based on the series of presentations and subsequent discussions shown in the program, the participants adopted a declaration that contained among others the following points:
• Highly important to promote sustainable development of small island developing states (SIDS) and sustainable management of their surrounding oceans with due consideration to their varying needs and conditions,
• Vital to advance international multi-stakeholder partnership for achieving sustainable development of SIDS and sustainable management of surrounding oceans,
• Necessary and useful to promote information sharing on good practice, develop human resources, facilitate policy development, build institutional capacity, support innovative activities and undertake research.
• An international collaborative network called “Islands and Oceans Net (IO Net)” be established at this side event to promote sustainable development of SIDS and sustainable management of their surrounding oceans.
Ocean Policy Research Foundation will serve as IO Net. For further details, contact Mr. Masanori Kobayashi, Research Fellow at firstname.lastname@example.org or Dr. Keita Furukawa, Deputy Director at email@example.com.
The project aims to generate increased export revenues and household incomes derived from the production, processing and exports of the Comoros three main cash crops in order to contribute to sustained poverty reduction in the Union of Comoros, through an inclusive and sustainable growth strongly related to the quality of environment and impacts of climate change.
Many SIDS have achieved much by formulating and implementing national policies and measures to promote the efficient use of energy and the development of environmentally sound sources of energy with energy-efficient technologies. Yet, their full potential has not been realized.
Action is being taken at the regional level by ESCAP to enhance national capacity to effectively plan, manage and monitor the energy sectors of SIDS.
A significant initiative of Kazakhstan, together with ESCAP, is the unique "Green Bridge" Partnership Programme which provides a good model for regional sharing and development.
Despite prolonged policy efforts, SIDS have not shared in the improved economic growth of larger peers since the late 1990s, and continue to experience relatively high levels of macroeconomic volatility. The reasons for this are many, and include high levels of public debt built up from weak fiscal balances and slow growth, financial sectors which have not yet developed adequately to play their full role in managing volatility and fostering growth, challenges related to the impacts of natural disasters, and the difficulty in some cases of putting high levels of aid to work in lifting economic growth. How have countries grappled with these diverse challenges? Does a lasting solution to these issues require a comprehensive approach?
I. (13.00-13.20) Introductory Remarks
II.(13.20- 13.30) The Comprehensive Development Framework
III.(13.30 – 14.10) Addressing the Ingredients of the Comprehensive Growth and Debt Framework: Presentation and Country Examples
(14:10-14:25) Moderated Discussion // Q&A Session focusing on positive or negative experiences on the Comprehensive Growth and Debt Framework pillars (Debt, fiscal, private sector-led-growth and natural disaster risks).
IV. (14.25 – 14.30) Closing Remarks
Report from Organizer:Despite prolonged policy efforts, many SIDS continue to experience relatively high levels of debt and macroeconomic volatility. Data presented by the World Bank underscored that the underlying factors of high debt levels in many SIDS can be traced to the challenge faced by SIDS to foster growth while managing vulnerability and building resilience to external shocks, particularly natural disasters. For lasting and sustainable solutions, it was highlighted the need for a comprehensive approach that simultaneously address the nexus of low growth, high debt, and natural disasters (Comprehensive Growth and Debt Framework). The World Bank and IMF’s complementary and continuous policy advice, technical expertise, and financial support were considered an important component of a successful strategy of such a comprehensive approach. Those SIDS who were able to overcome heavy debt situations would now like to share their lessons learned and contribute with innovative approaches for the benefit of those who are still facing challenges.
Highlights of discussions included, inter alia:
- Necessity of a paradigm shift in approach to debt management;
- Debt restructuring itself may not solve problem if not accompanying by a comprehensive long term reform strategy that facilitates growth, builds social safety nets and resilience.
- The role of private sector as a central element for a successful strategy.
- Political leadership by the government in laying down its vision, its strategy, and properly communicate the short-term costs and long-term benefits of its reform efforts to its citizens, considered as paramount.
- Importance of coordinated approach among IFIs, bilaterals and UN agencies to tailor funding and technical support to peculiarities of each country.
- Need of capturing SIDS specific vulnerabilities and not only per capita GDP for accessing concessionary financing.
- Emphasis for creating a special window on the Green Climate Fund for SIDS.
Co-Organizers: International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Government of Italy
This FAO-led multi-stakeholder dialogue will provide an opportunity to present and exchange views on some possible approaches, options and actions that will promote food security and nutrition while also addressing climate change and environmental threats in SIDS. It will also discuss ways and means to move forward through improved policy, capacity building and effective and well-coordinated partnerships in line with the International SIDS conference objective.
The Side event will be chaired by the Prime Minister of Barbados.
Report from Organizer:FAO’s support to SIDS in these areas in the last biennium amounted to over US$ 40 millions.
Food and nutrition security should be top priority in the Post-2015 development agenda, and dialogues among governments should aim at making this one of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This topic will be highlighted in the Expo 2015 to be hosted in Milan, under the topic “Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life”.
Obesity in SIDS is a serious problem causing a rise in non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and health problems SIDS, with associated economic costs.
Value chains and livelihood diversification address multiple constraints in SIDS. These include securing access to markets, providing knowledge on market opportunities, standards and labelling, investing in local infrastructure and improving access to small and remote islands, among others.
Climate change exacerbates the problems SIDS already face in dealing with natural resources degradation, exploitation of marine and fisheries resources and loss of mangroves and coral reef habitat.
Partnerships for achieving food security and addressing climate change and environmental sustainability in SIDS through an ecosystem-based approach, as the impacts of climate change on food security are multiple and call for a systemic perspective to address them.
FAO’s partnership in its core areas in the Caribbean and pacific regions are posted in the UNDESA partnership platform.
The side event will highlight ESD as a sound investment in education, showcase how ESD can be implemented by national education systems in SIDS, provide examples on the contribution of ESD towards sustainable and resilient societies and illustrate successful cases of ESD in action in UNESCO Biosphere Reserves as real life learning sites.
The transfer and adaptation of Cuba’s Risk Reduction Management Centre (RRMC) model to five diverse Caribbean nations is an example of effective SSC. The RRMC model was identified as a best practice and subsequently implemented in other 5 Caribbean countries: Trinidad & Tobago, British Virgin Islands, Guyana, Dominican Republic and Jamaica.
Report from Organizer:Key Messages
1. Climate change poses challenges to the development of African SIDS, thus programmes to reduce vulnerability are critical.
2. The oceans play important roles in the development of fragile economies of African SIDS. Development pathways that align African SIDS towards blue and green economies must be encouraged to turn challenges into opportunities.
3. Infrastructure development is essential for transforming African SIDS following frequent damages by climate hazards such as hurricanes, typhoons etc.
4. The challenges facing African SIDS are enormous for any single Small Island Development State to deal with. Partnerships and adopting regional approaches in trade, ocean security and investments are critical in achieving profitable thresholds, and offsetting the high transaction cost required for development.
SIDS-centred partnerships and follow-ups
Following requests from African SIDS, the African Climate Policy Center (ACPC) in UNECA, under the auspices of Climate for Development in Africa (ClimDev-Africa) programme, conducted consultative fact-finding missions in the six African SIDS. Partnership agreements will be established between ClimDev-Africa and the SIDS to provide support for climate change response.
The ClimDev-Africa Programme has mobilized resources and set up platforms for providing climate information services, technical and advisory support to African SIDS with their transformational agenda.
Report from Organizer:Climate change impacts on the Pacific Islands region are a major threat to their people’s livelihood, constraints sustainable development and triggers geopolitical risks. The pacific small island states are the most vulnerable at the frontline of climate threats and the litmus test for the likely climate impacts globally. Geopolitical climate risks require comprehensive responses. Climate diplomacy brings these risks to the forefront of foreign policy. Climate diplomacy encompasses a range of issues relevant for SIDS, including frameworks for DRR, sustainable energy, or loss and damage. First, foreign policy has to arrange for strong partnerships with SIDS in the Pacific applying the untapped potential of the diplomatic toolbox, from awareness raising and sustained dialogue to capacity building and training for diplomats. The 70th anniversary of the United Nations should be the time to reflect how to better represent the security issue of climate change in the region and beyond within the framework of the UN. Second, foreign policy has to facilitate the space to better reflect the SIDS interests in the post 2015 comprehensive development agenda. And third, reaching an ambitious, comprehensive and legally binding global climate agreement in 2015 is absolutely key to the credibility of this process.
Report from Organizer:This side event was the culmination event of several related initiatives organized by the SIDS Dock Secretariat, to present how SIDS Dock will work for sustainable energy in SIDS and how development partners, funding institutions and expert agencies can support these efforts. It encompasses SIDS regions efforts to work with the global SE4ALL. Case studies from all three regions were presented. St Vincent and Grenadines highlighted the savings from a PV reverse osmosis system. Samoa highlighted the SPREP/UNDP/GEF Samoa Solar PV Feasibility Study and Implementation, which at a relatively low cost initiated the installation of three PV systems on two islands. Cape Verde highlighted their wide ranging and ambitious wind energy program. Partners such as EU, UNDP, USP, UNIDO and IRENA-GREIN highlighted how they can contribute to the broader partnership for future success. The three key issues were that these success stories were based on partnerships that recognized the specific challenges of SIDS. They also showed how important political will and leadership from the recipient country was a determinant for success. Furthermore they showed how a small investment could create major benefits for the SIDS.
TRH will produce enough hydropower to boost renewable energy in Solomon Islands past the 75% mark, and reduce national exposure to the risks of fuel price rises.
The TRH leverages the commercial viability of renewable energy to anchor a range of sustainable development initiatives including a protected area encompassing more than 100km2 of highland and montane tropical forest.
This project has only been possible through the mainstreaming of partnership as a central principle in all dealings, and in particular between indigenous landowners and the national government.
This side event will share the context and rationale for such an approach and highlight the principle innovations that have been developed to enable partnership to be realised.
Report from Organizer:• Oceans are SIDS patrimony. The Oceans economy approach can create significant opportunities for sustainable utilisation of natural resources and value addition. Mauritius recently adopted its “Oceans Economy Roadmap” seeking to tap these opportunities. This includes the development of seabed mining; fishing and seafood processing; aquaculture; deep-water applications; renewable energy, sustainable tourism and maritime transport.
• Maritime transport is the lifeline sustaining the economic development and survival of SIDS. Persistent transport challenges derive from SIDS inherent features, (insularity, small size, and remoteness). Other concerns are cross cutting, e.g. climate change impacts, environmental vulnerability, high fuel price volatility. These features together make SIDS a special case and developing resilient and sustainable transport systems becomes key. The government of Samoa has developed a 5 year National Transport Sector Plan that defines key strategies aiming at improving efficiency and integrating environmental sustainability, climate change adaptation and energy efficiency through partnerships.
• There is also the need to build links between transport, trade and supply capacities. Pooling of resources at national and regional level is required. Innovative finance and regional cooperation should be strengthened.
• UNCTAD and PIFS announced to develop partnership relating to Oceans, Transport and Trade development in the Pacific.
Population dynamics and sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) are critical, cross-cutting issues for sustainable development and the post-2015 development agenda. Partnerships will be discussed that address the SRHR of vulnerable groups and gender mainstreaming in climate change prevention and policy. Recommendations will be developed on health systems strengthening and entry points through education.
In addition to coordinating an interfaculty postgraduate programme in development studies, CSS leads and coordinates development research undertaken by staff and students of NUS on development issues in Samoa. Current research is a (i) a study of gender roles and participation in local village governments in Samoa, made possible by the Australian Development Research Assistance Scheme and (ii) monitoring and evaluation of the UNDP Transformational Leadership Programme. NUS is also facilitating a series of forums through CSS, on issues of national interest associated with Samoan development, culture, law, and government, funded by the Australian Pacific Leadership Programme. CSS and other faculties also host regular seminars on many issues of interest to the public in Samoa.
Report from Organizer:The NUS hosted its side event on 4 September 2014 (9am-10.30am) in Conference Marquee 4. The side event attracted approximately 100 individuals, half of whom consisted of NUS staff members, students, SIDS participants and colleagues from partner universities and local affiliates. The side event featured 3 ongoing NUS partnerships
1. Virtual University for Small States of the Commonwealth
2. Centre for Samoan Studies and the Pacific Leadership Program (Samoa)
3. PACENET Plus;
as well as 3 new partnerships on behalf of its partner universities:
4. Science for Pacific Islands Development States– Massey University
5. Indigenous Approaches to Disaster Risk Reduction – Massey University
6. New Colombo Plan (Pacific Coordination Network) – Australian National University.
The following 3 key messages were most prominent:
NUS is conducting high quality and relevant research for SIDS and sustainable development. Research gaps that were highlighted during the side event include: mental health and substance abuse throughout all SIDS, sexual and reproductive health; emphasis on science and social science research innovation.
NUS supports wholeheartedly the SIDS conference and its underlying push for genuine and durable partnerships for the sustainable development of SIDS. Such is the calibre of partnerships that NUS has with its partner universities and national and local institutions. Together and collaboratively, there is no doubt that we can build on these partnerships to further our shared commitment to education and research for sustainable development.
NUS’ partners (Massey University, University of Auckland, University of Otago, and the Australian National University) support NUS in its shared commitment to education and research for sustainable development.
No new voluntary commitments were pledged during the side event.
● Building capacity and supporting energy transitions on policies, technologies, funding, partnerships with government and other policy-making stakeholders in different regions and languages
● Available 2014 and 2015, for free (funded by the UN and its partners)
We will also discuss how to:
● Request participation to a FFRE workshop
● Host one in your country
Tuesday 4th September: 9:00 – 10:30 am Room CR3, Faleata Sports Complex
● What's FFRE?
● The rationale and methodology of the FFRE workshop series. François Fortier, UNOSD (10 min)
● Mauritius FFRE, May 2014. Osman Mahomed, MID Commission (10 min)
● Integrating Renewable Energy into National Sustainable Development Strategies and Plans in SIDS Ivan Vera and Thomas Hamlin, WECDB (20 min)
● Financing the Energy Transition through Fiscal Reform Opportunities Richard Bridle, GSI (20 min, via video link)
● FFRE Discussion
● Open plenary and networking (30 min)
Dr François Fortier is Senior Sustainable Development Expert at the UN Office for Sustainable Development, leading the FFRE initiative. He works on climate change and development, with a long experience of both programme fieldwork and academic research and teaching.
Eng Osman Mahomed is Executive Chairman of the Maurice Ile Durable Commission, Prime Minister Office of Mauritius With a decade of civil service, he leads the implementation of the country's sustainable development strategy, and hosted the Mauritius FFRE workshop of May 2014.
Dr Ivan Vera, Senior Sustainable Development Officer, Water, Energy and Capacity Development Branch, Division for Sustainable Development (UN-DESA), brings a long experience of energy in development, notably through the SE4All initiative, as Secretary of UN-Energy, at the IAE and the OECD.
Richard Bridle is Researcher at the Global Subsidies Initiative, International Institute for Sustainable Development, Geneva. Coming from the renewable energy industry, he works on renewable energy support policies, notably issues of subsidies and fiscal reforms.
Report from Organizer:This side event was presenting the Fossil Fuel to Renewable Energy (FFRE) Transition Workshops series, for which the 3 key SD messages are that:
1) Renewable energy is essential for sustainability, in view of the climate emergency that requires an urgent mitigation of greenhouse gases, but also of the trespassing of other planetary boundaries affected by fossil fuels, such as fresh water depletion or toxification.
2) RE is already economically and technically feasible for SIDS: fiscal reforms that eliminate fossil fuel subsidies can greatly contribute to levelling the playing ground for RE technologies, making them competitive. Other key policy instruments, discussed in the FFRE workshops, can also facilitate the transition, notably to mobilise the public and private capital needed.
3) The FFRE partners can help guide the process to a national energy transition, building capacity, sharing good practices, and nurturing a community of practice for long-term peer support in energy transition.
Report from Organizer:SIDS DOCK (www.sidsdock.org) is an initiative among member countries of the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) to SIDS with a collective institutional mechanism to assist them transform their national energy sectors into a catalyst for sustainable economic development and help generate financial resources to address adaptation to climate change. SIDS DOCK development is being jointly coordinated by the Caribbean Community Climate Change Center (5Cs) and the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), with oversight from a Steering Committee comprised primarily of AOSIS Ambassadors to the United Nations and technical experts.
This SIDS DOCK Side Event focuses on recognition of the strategic importance of the ocean and coastal environment to SIDS, which constitutes a valuable sustainabel development resource and climate resilience. As clearly outlined in the blueprint for SIDS sustainable development - the Barbados Programme of Action (BPoA) and the Mauritius Strategy for its Further Implementation (MSI) - most aspects of environmental management in SIDS are directly dependent on, and influenced by, the planning and utilization of land resources, which in turn is intimately linked to coastal and marine management and protection. Further, the protection of the oceans, all kinds of seas and coastal areas and the protection, rational use and development of their living resources is the focus of Chapter 17 of Agenda 21.
The event was attended by more than 150 delegates, including Heads of State and Governments, NGOs, the private sector and representatives of the Clinton Foundation, Google Ocean, National Geographic Explorer In Residence – Dr. Sylvia Earle’s Mission Blue ‘Hope Spots’ Initiative, Ecopower International and Norway’s GRID-Arendal. An outcome of the event is a strategic partnership between SIDS DOCK, Mission Blue and Google Ocean to ‘Hope Spots’ as marine protected areas among member nations of SIDS DOCK in the Caribbean, Pacific and Indian Oceans.
Report from Organizer:Organic agriculture was highlighted as a solution to climate change; if all agricultural land was farmed organically it would sequester 20% of the worlds GHG and contributes to more resilient food systems as organic systems are more drought tolerant.
The case study of connecting over 600 small holder farmers to global organic supply chains was presented by Women in Business Development Samoa.
A new organic product range was launched of organic teas from Samoa with C1 Espresso of NZ demonstrating the role of the private sector in development partnerships.
The Prime Minister of Samoa presented his nations commitment to organics and the ties to traditional practice and culture, and also the important of good governance and leadership for partnerships to succeed. Case studies of a fully organic island in Fiji illustrating the aspect of community empowerment and engagement of youth and the potentials for embracing organic into our tourism branding and developing organic cuisine tourism and farm to plate value chains based on traditional food.
1.To share experience of the Indian Ocean Commission in advancing regional cooperation , for the development of islands , its challenges and success
2.Recommendation for strengthening partnership with SIDS across region
b.Mechanism can be put in place to enhance partnership
a.SG – IOC (5mins)
b.Film on IOC (3mins)
c.Madagascar as chair of the IOC (5mins)
•Presentation /Panel discussion (1hour)
a.Education and awareness - IOC /ISLANDS
b.Experience of the island of Zanzibar of the United Republic of Tanzania- DR Aboud Jumbe Aboud Suleiman
c.Capital accounting – Mauritius
d.Advancing the youth causes , youth partnership - SYAH
•Signing of MOU between IOC and WMO ( tbc)
•Conclusion by Secretary General COI
•IOC Member States
•Development partners ( EU, AFD , UNISDR, World Bank , FAO/ FIDA,
•UN – UNDESA, UNDP, UNEP, WMO etc…
Report from Organizer:SIDS share a unique set of vulnerabilities and constraints. Implementation of the SAMOA Pathway will require better partnerships which provide durable, long-lasting national results.
The key is how the United Nations, regional organizations and civil society organizations can work together to move forward. Meaningful action requires solidarity and accountability that minimizes duplication and utilizes the mandate and expertise of all partners involved.
As called for in the SAMOA Pathway, the United Nations should continue to re-evaluate itself to ensure that it can best achieve results. However, as highlighted in the SAMOA Pathway, national actions should be driven by national priorities and be nationally owned. SIDS need financial, technical and advocacy support from the international community, but in the end, the SIDS have and will continue to drive their own sustainable development.
Through this side event, ESCAP, ECLAC, ECA, PIFS, CARICOM, ADB and UNDP committed to building upon existing coordination mechanism to improve regional coordination and collaboration, and to develop innovative approaches for interregional collaboration and sharing of best practices.
Given their geographic, topographic and physical characteristics, such as proximity to sea level, small island nations are inherently vulnerable to natural disasters, including storm surges, floods, droughts, tsunamis and cyclones. Sea level rise is increasingly a concern for many countries in coastal regions, particularly those with low-lying urban centers. Many reefs surrounding islands also serve to protect the coast from storm surges, but degradation of these reefs due to pollution and climate change leaves coasts vulnerable. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) forecasts a marked increase in the intensity and frequency of extreme weather events which, for many islands, will cause inundation, widespread damage to infrastructure, and loss of coastal agriculture. More frequent natural disasters will also result in costly societal effects such as food and water shortages and loss of human lives.
This dialogue is aimed at highlighting the findings of the report to catalyse action and strengthen exchanges of experience and knowledge across SIDS in tackling the causes and consequences of climate change. The event will bring together climate change experts, senior officials and negotiators to discuss their responses to climate change and look ahead over a critical 16 months for international climate change negotiations.
Report from Organizer:Representatives from government, businesses, third sector organisations and civil society attended the launch of the IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report: What’s in it for Small Island Developing States? – a guide from CDKN and the Overseas Development Institute, at the Third UN conference for SIDS in Samoa.
Hon. Faamoetauloa Lealaialoto Taito Dr. Faale Tumaalii, Minister of Natural Resources and the Environment for Samoa, welcomed the report. A panel of distinguished speakers then led a lively discussion focussing on how to get ‘the right information to the right people at the right time’ to manage climate-related disaster risks and foster climate-smart development planning in small islands. The importance of traditional and local knowledge in adapting to climate change in SIDS, and the need to effect change at leadership level was also recognised.
Climate change needs to be framed as a sustainable development issue, rather than a purely environmental one, and, as Hon Faamoetauloa Lealaialoto Taito Dr. Faale Tumaalii stated in his closing remarks, SIDS are not doing nothing. The Majuro Declaration is as an example of how the islands are taking on an important leadership role, and encouraged all to continue to makes the voices of SIDS heard until real progress is achieved.