Pacific Risk Resilience Programme: a partnership approach to risk governance in the Pacific
Live and Learn Environmental Education
Vanuatu Climate Adaptation Network
Governments of Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Tonga and Fiji
Enhanced understanding and awareness of the need for risk governance
Risk resilient sector, development and corporate planning (with associated tools) reflecting community needs and GSI issues
Integration of risk in sector, development and corporate planning and coordinated implementation at local government levels (provincial, ward, district, etc) - based on participatory, and inclusive community consultation
Financing (in USD)
Objective & Description
The Pacific Risk Resilience Programme (PRRP) is a large-scale risk governance programme in one of the most vulnerable regions to disasters and climate change in the world. The US$16.1 million Pacific Risk Reduction Programme (PRRP) is being delivered through a partnership between the Australian Government Department for Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and international NGOs Live and Learn Environmental Education (LLEE) and the Mainstreaming of Rural Development Initiative (MORDI). The Programme is helping to build the national and regional risk governance enabling environment to improve the resilience of Pacific communities. It is being delivered in four Pacific island countries - Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Tonga and Fiji - based on their high-risk profile and potential to demonstrate successful models for regional replication.
The Programme is contributing to the broad development goal of: strengthening the resilience of Pacific island communities to disasters and climate change related risk. In doing so the Programme's Objective is to support: a strong enabling environment for risk governance to empower communities to identify risks and needs, and formulate and implement sustainable responses. To meet this objective, it is working across the following Outcome (or results) and associated Output areas:
1. Risk governance capacity in key thematic areas are strengthened to support communities identify and implement inclusive and sustainable interventions by:
- Strengthening mechanisms for coordinating disaster recovery
- Enhancing capacity for risk management in priority thematic areas such as education and food security
2. Risk governance planning and delivery mechanisms of sub-national governments and communities are inclusive, coordinated, mutually reinforcing and integrated into national processes by:
- Strengthening sub-national planning for integrating risk governance
- Improving capacity for risk governance at sub-national levels
3. Risk is integrated across Government policies, plans and budgets and is inclusive at all levels in response to community priorities by:
- Strengthening Government planning and budgeting for integrating risk
- Enhancing risk governance capacity in institutional frameworks
- Enhancing access and management of risk financing
4. Engagement and sharing of information is effective within countries and across the region by:
- Strengthening risk governance analysis and knowledge management including gender equality and social inclusion dimensions
- Improving risk Information and its accessibility
Governance & Coordination Mechanisms
PRRP is a partnerships-based programme. Crucial to its success is the enabling of existing networks and modalities and building upon, complementing, harmonising with and leveraging from the range of government and development partner programmes in the four target countries. Work to date has embedded PRRP within national priorities including the identification of risk governance champions within government and civil society. The Programme has already encouraged participation and ownership from governments and civil society groups, as well as partnerships with a range of regional and international agencies (many of whom have existing relationships with UNDP, LLEE and DFAT). PRRP is building partnership across different levels including:
- At community levels: PRRP is working with village councils, community groups, religious groups, local CSOs/NGOs, and development partners e.g. in Tafea province in Vanuatu to develop community action plans. PRRP is working through the Vanuatu Climate Adaptation Network (VCAN) to jointly develop and implement these community action plans;
- With local governments: PRRP is working with the Ha‚'apai Island administration in Tonga to identify and address food security issues for those communities affected by the recent TC Ian in Feb 2014 (through MORDI);
- At national levels: PRRP is building platforms for more effective CCDRM partnerships across ministries, NGOs and private sector organisation e.g. PRRP is working with the Government of Vanuatu to establish a secretariat function for the CCDRM National Advisory Board which will lead on Vanuatu‚'s strategic direction for CCDRM; and
- With regional agencies and international technical and development partners: PRRP is partnering with regional and international partners to deliver the programme in specific entry points e.g. GIZ and Save the Children in the education sector; building capacity for CCDRM in provincial government with the World Bank.
In the crowded Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management (CCDRM) space in the region, PRRP places less emphasis on technical aspects of service delivery and more on bringing risk governance initiatives directly into the mainstream of sustainable development. Ways of achieving this involve supporting change in systems and institutions as well as in behaviour and capacity of individuals. This requires unprecedented levels of inclusiveness, engagement with and collaboration between partners, as well as clearer formulation and understanding of the roles, responsibilities and accountabilities of governments, communities, the private sector, civil society, development partners and other stakeholders. The Programme's key delivery approaches for achieving these partnerships focus on:
- Working with change agents through key entry points grounding change through sectoral entry points with a range of change agents in government and other agencies driving the process. PRRP's in-country teams are working with communities and governments at all levels in key thematic areas such as food security, education, disaster management, and risk (climate and disaster) finance; including bringing together change agents in communities of practice, is expected to build risk management capacity at all levels.
- Partnership at the sub-national/community levels - building resilience at the community level by building partnerships between sub-national governments, communities and NGOs, as well as linkages between sub-national and national governments. For example, in Vanuatu PRRP is building stronger partnerships between Local Governments (Area Council Development Committees) and communities to better understand and address the risks to disasters and climate change;
- South-South exchange PRRP provides a platform for countries within the programme (as well as within the region) to deliver effective solutions to managing climate and disaster risk. For instance, PRRP is linking the work on risk governance analysis led by the Government of Vanuatu with a forthcoming Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Review (CPEIR) in Tonga;
- Existing Networks - PRRP is building upon the range of government, NGO, civil society, regional, international and development partner programmes in the four target countries that have been working to support community resilience. For instance, in Vanuatu the NGO community have formed the Vanuatu Climate Adaptation Network (VCAN). PRRP is working with this network to co-deliver community level planning for CC and DRM in two provinces;
- National and regional knowledge and learning - expanding CCDRM understanding and approaches in development-focused actions. Research, awareness-raising, communications and public information will focus on providing accurate and timely information to governments, communities and other stakeholders in which PRRP is active; as well as recording and disseminating lessons and stories of change to promote inclusive risk governance approaches more broadly.
Arrangements for Capacity Building and Technology Transfer
The Programme is taking a capacity development approach that aims to bring about transformation in changing mindsets and attitudes that is generated and sustained over time from within Pacific countries. It will help enhance risk management capacities through: targeted training which introduces new ideas and methods of doing things (for instance PRRP is training central agency development planners to integrate disaster and climate risk parameters into the planning process in Solomon Islands); quality and timely technical and policy support (for instance PRRP is working with the Government of Solomon Islands to manage the post-disaster recovery process following recent floods in April 2014); effective networking through strong partnerships and relationships; and providing access to good practices and lessons learned. These different activities, when grouped together in a community of practice, are expected to develop a strong reinforcing environment to build risk management capacity at all levels. Capacity development is being integrated systematically in all programming efforts from the risk analyses into all delivery instruments and tools. The approach to risk governance explicitly acknowledges the need to go beyond singular entities and that a sustainable approach to managing risk requires stronger integration within Government and across sectors; across Governments, NGO, private sector and partner agencies; and/or from national to community levels. For instance, in Vanuatu PRRP supported the Government of Vanuatu in leading a sector wide analysis of how disaster and climate risk is being managed across all levels of governance. This analysis forms the foundation of a reform process being led by the Government of Vanuatu to build the capacity for managing risk. As such, PRRP is going beyond focusing capacity development initiatives on single individuals and agencies and also help strengthen vertical and horizontal relationships in the national governance system incorporating nuanced capacity development approaches that suits different institutions and groups.
Copyright 2016 United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs